David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of the History of Biology 39 (3):525 - 563 (2006)
To some, a misguided Lamarckian and a fraud, to others a martyr in the fight against Darwinism, the Viennese zoologist Paul Kammerer (1880-1926) remains one of the most controversial scientists of the early 20th century. Here his work is reconsidered in light of turn-of-the-century problems in evolutionary theory and experimental methodology, as seen from Kammerer's perspective in Vienna. Kammerer emerges not as an opponent of Darwinism, but as one would-be modernizer of the 19th-century theory, which had included a role for the inheritance of acquired characteristics. Kammerer attempted a synthesis of Darwinism with genetics and the chromosome theory, while retaining the modifying effects of the environment as the main source of favorable variation, and he developed his program of experimentation to support it. Kammerer never had a regular university position, but worked at a private experimental laboratory, with sidelines as a teacher and a popular writer and lecturer. On the lecture circuit he held forth on the significance of his science for understanding and furthering cultural evolution and he satisfied his passion for the arts and performance. In his dual career as researcher and popularizer, he did not always follow academic convention. In the contentious and rapidly changing fields of heredity and evolution, some of his stances and practices, as well as his outsider status and part-Jewish background, aroused suspicion and set the stage for the scandal that ended his career and prompted his suicide.
|Keywords||Darwinism evolution experiment Hans Przibram Hugo Iltis laboratory Lamarckism Mendelism Paul Kammerer Vienna Vivarium William Bateson|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Cheryl A. Logan (2007). Overheated Rats, Race, and the Double Gland: Paul Kammerer, Endocrinology and the Problem of Somatic Induction. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 40 (4):683 - 725.
Osamu Sakura (1998). Similarities and Varieties: A Brief Sketch on the Reception of Darwinism and Sociobiology in Japan. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 13 (3):341-357.
Peter J. Richerson & Robert Boyd (2001). Built for Speed, Not for Comfort. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23:423-463.
David Loye (2002). The Toronto Manifesto. World Futures 58 (2 & 3):125 – 126.
Ursula Klein (2005). Experiments at the Intersection of Experimental History, Technological Inquiry, and Conceptually Driven Analysis: A Case Study From Early Nineteenth-Century France. Perspectives on Science 13 (1):1-48.
U. Deichmann (2011). Early 20th-Century Research at the Interfaces of Genetics, Development, and Evolution: Reflections on Progress and Dead Ends. Developmental Biology 357 (1):3-12.
David Young (2007). The Discovery of Evolution. Cambridge University Press, in Association with Natural History Museum, London.
Ernst Mayr (2007). What Makes Biology Unique?: Considerations on the Autonomy of a Scientific Discipline. Cambridge University Press.
Deborah R. Coen (2006). Living Precisely in Fin-de-Siècle Vienna. Journal of the History of Biology 39 (3):493 - 523.
David Loye (2002). Summary and Advocacy: Fifteen Foundations and Twelve Guidelines for Rebuilding Theory, Story, and Our World. World Futures 58 (2 & 3):265 – 291.
Arlin Stoltzfus (2006). Mutationism and the Dual Causation of Evolutionary Change. Evolution and Development 8 (3):304-317.
Richard R. Nelson (2007). Universal Darwinism and Evolutionary Social Science. Biology and Philosophy 22 (1):73-94.
Travis Thompson (2005). Paul E. Meehl and B. F. Skinner: Autitaxia, Autitypy, and Autism. Behavior and Philosophy 33:101 - 131.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads13 ( #138,943 of 1,679,326 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #48,397 of 1,679,326 )
How can I increase my downloads?