The Evolution of the Individual
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Sometimes themes can be found in common across very different systems in which change occurs. Imre Lakatos developed a theory of change in science, and one involving entities visible at different levels. There are theories defended at a particular time, and there are also research programs, larger units that bundle together a sequence of related theories and within which many scientists may work. Research programs are competing higher-level units within a scientific field. Scientific change involves change within research programs, and change in the ensemble of research programs present at a time, where some will be growing, some shrinking, some progressing, some degenerating. These are also themes in biological evolution. Recent biology has often found itself dealing with the relation between change at a level of "collectives" – such as organisms like us – and change at a lower level – the level of cells, genes, and other evolving parts. This work is continuous with an older discussion, one that arose when biological evolution was no more than a vague speculation, round the beginning of the 19th century. What is the living individual? What is the basic unit of life or living organization? Questions like this were pursued by Goethe, by Erasmus Darwin, the grandfather of Charles, and many others. Initially it was plants, especially, that were seen to raise these problems, and then newly described marine animals with strange life cycles. The discussion was influenced by the rise of the cell theory in the early 19th century, but some writers looked for individuals well below the level of the cell
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Marc Ereshefsky & Makmiller Pedroso (2013). Biological Individuality: The Case of Biofilms. Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):331-349.
Similar books and articles
Ulrich Krohs (2006). Philosophies of Particular Biological Research Programs. Biological Theory 1 (2):182-187.
Kim Sterelny (1994). Science and Selection. Biology and Philosophy 9 (1):45-62.
William C. Wimsatt (1980). The Units of Selection and the Structure of the Multi-Level Genome. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:122 - 183.
Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker, The Biological Notion of Individual. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Jarrett Leplin (1986). Methodological Realism and Scientific Rationality. Philosophy of Science 53 (1):31-51.
Charles H. Smith (1986). A Contribution to the Geographical Interpretation of Biological Change. Acta Biotheoretica 35 (4).
J. David Archibald (2009). Edward Hitchcock's Pre-Darwinian (1840) "Tree of Life". Journal of the History of Biology 42 (3):561 - 592.
David L. Hull (1988). A Mechanism and its Metaphysics: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):123-155.
Alan R. Rogers (2011). The Evidence for Evolution. The University of Chicago Press.
Wayne Nahu Lanham (2008). The Spiral Template: The Revolution in the Evolution From Simple to Complex Systems. World Futures 64 (1):60 – 71.
David B. Resnik (1992). Discussion: Leo Buss's the Evolution of Individuality. Biology and Philosophy 7 (4):453-460.
Ronald de Sousa (2005). Biological Individuality. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 5 (2):195-218.
Added to index2011-06-05
Total downloads43 ( #38,288 of 1,098,984 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?