David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 55 (1):21 - 48 (1983)
Problem solving has recently become a central topic both in the philosophy of science and in cognitive science. This paper integrates approaches to problem solving from these two disciplines and discusses the epistemological consequences of such an integration. The paper first analyzes problem solving as getting a true answer to a question. It then explores some stages of cognitive activity relevant to question answering that have been delineated by historians and philosophers of science and by cognitive psychologists and artificial intelligencers. The traditional opposition between discovery and justification is challenged. It is suggested that epistemology may be conceptualized, in part, as the critical assessment of problem-solving strategies.
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References found in this work BETA
Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.) (1970). Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press.
Thomas S. Kuhn (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Vol. The University of Chicago Press.
Karl R. Popper (1972). Objective Knowledge. Oxford,Clarendon Press.
L. Laudan (1977). Progress and its Problems: Toward a Theory of Scientific Growth. University of California Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Paul Hoyningen-Huene (1987). Context of Discovery and Context of Justification. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (4):501-515.
Richard F. Kitchener (1987). Genetic Epistemology, Equilibration and the Rationality of Scientific Change. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (3):339-366.
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