David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 73 (1):109 - 144 (1987)
A conception of social epistemology is articulated with links to studies of science and opinion in such disciplines as history, sociology, and political science. The conception is evaluative, though, rather than purely descriptive. Three types of evaluative approaches are examined but rejected: relativism, consensualism, and expertism. A fourth, truth-linked, approach to intellectual evaluation is then advocated: social procedures should be appraised by their propensity to foster true belief. Standards of evaluation in social epistemics would be much the same as those in individual epistemics, only the objects of evaluation would be interpersonal patterns of judgment and communication, and institutional practices that bear on opinion formation.
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References found in this work BETA
Robert Nozick (1981). Philosophical Explanations. Harvard University Press.
Alvin I. Goldman (1986). Epistemology and Cognition. Harvard University Press.
R. Rorty (1981). Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton University Press.
Thomas S. Kuhn (1996/2012). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. University of Chicago Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Selim Berker (2015). Reply to Goldman: Cutting Up the One to Save the Five in Epistemology. Episteme 12 (2):145-153.
Alexander Bird (2010). Social Knowing: The Social Sense of 'Scientific Knowledge'. Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):23-56.
Don Fallis (2005). The Epistemic Costs and Benefits of Collaboration. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (Supplement):197-208.
Jonathan M. Weinberg (2007). Moderate Epistemic Relativism and Our Epistemic Goals. Episteme 4 (1):66-92.
Don Fallis (2006). The Epistemic Costs and Benefits of Collaboration. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (S1):197-208.
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