David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Perspectives on Science 13 (1) (2005)
: This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] (spherical shells to which the planets were attached) and models (called hypotheses at the time), by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. To demonstrate the claim that orbit is a revolutionary concept we pursue three lines of argument. First we trace the origin of the term; second, we document its development and specify the meaning of the novel term as it was introduced into astronomy by Kepler in his Astronomia nova (1609). Finally, in order to establish in what sense the concept is revolutionary, we pay attention to the enduring impact that the concept has had on the relevant sciences, in this case astronomy and indeed physics. We claim that orbit is an instance of a revolutionary concept whose provenance and use can provide the insights we are seeking
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Bernard R. Goldstein (1995). Book Review:New Astronomy Johannes Kepler, William H. Donahue. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 62 (1):161-.
Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon (2005). Kepler's Move From Orbs to Orbits: Documenting a Revolutionary Scientific Concept. Perspectives on Science 13 (1):74-111.
Peter Barker (2002). Constructing Copernicus. Perspectives on Science 10 (2):208-227.
Georg Schuppener (1997). Kepler's Relation to the Jesuits—A Study of His Correspondence with Paul Guldin. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 5 (1):236-244.
Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik (2009). Kepler'sOptical Part of Astronomy(1604): Introducing the Ecliptic Instrument. Perspectives on Science 17 (3):307-345.
Giora Hon Yaakov Zik (2009). Kepler's Optical Part of Astronomy (1604): Introducing the Ecliptic Instrument. Perspectives on Science 17 (3):pp. 307-345.
Sven Dupré (2012). Kepler's Optics Without Hypotheses. Synthese 185 (3):501-525.
JohanArnt Myrstad (2004). The Use of Converse Abduction in Kepler. Foundations of Science 9 (3):321-338.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #110,906 of 1,140,380 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,193 of 1,140,380 )
How can I increase my downloads?