David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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European Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):505-528 (2014)
This paper addresses a number of closely related questions concerning Kant's model of intentionality, and his conceptions of unity and of magnitude [Gröβe]. These questions are important because they shed light on three issues which are central to the Critical system, and which connect directly to the recent analytic literature on perception: the issues are conceptualism, the status of the imagination, and perceptual atomism. In Section 1, I provide a sketch of the exegetical and philosophical problems raised by Kant's views on these issues. I then develop, in Section 2, a detailed analysis of Kant's theory of perception as elaborated in both the Critique of Pure Reason and the Critique of Judgment; I show how this analysis provides a preliminary framework for resolving the difficulties raised in Section 1. In Section 3, I extend my analysis of Kant's position by considering a specific test case: the Axioms of Intuition. I contend that one way to make sense of Kant's argument is by juxtaposing it with Russell's response to Bradley's regress; I focus in particular on the concept of ‘unity’. Finally, I offer, in Section 4, a philosophical assessment of the position attributed to Kant in Sections 2 and 3. I argue that, while Kant's account has significant strengths, a number of key areas remain underdeveloped; I suggest that the phenomenological tradition may be read as attempting to fill precisely those gaps.
|Keywords||Kant Conceptualism Non-Conceptualism Nonconceptualism Intuition Unity Magnitude Perception Concept|
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References found in this work BETA
John McDowell (1994). Mind and World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Martin Heidegger (1967). Being and Time. Oxford, Blackwell.
Henry E. Allison (2004). Kant's Transcendental Idealism. Yale University Press.
Martin Heidegger (1962). Being and Time. London, Scm Press.
David Hume (1739/2000). A Treatise of Human Nature. Oxford University Press.
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