Simulationist Models of Face-based Emotion Recognition

Cognition 94 (3):193-213 (2005)
Recent studies of emotion mindreading reveal that for three emotions, fear, disgust, and anger, deficits in face-based recognition are paired with deficits in the production of the same emotion. What type of mindreading process would explain this pattern of paired deficits? The simulation approach and the theorizing approach are examined to determine their compatibility with the existing evidence. We conclude that the simulation approach offers the best explanation of the data. What computational steps might be used, however, in simulation-style emotion detection? Four alternative models are explored: a generate-and-test model, a reverse simulation model, a variant of the reverse simulation model that employs an “as if” loop, and an unmediated resonance model.
Keywords Emotion  Theory of mind  Facial feedback  Mirror neurons
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DOI 10.1016/j.cognition.2004.01.005
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A. Goldman (1989). Interpretation Psychologized. Mind and Language 4 (3):161-85.

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