How do scientists reach agreement about novel observations?

Abstract
I outline a pragmatic view of scientists' use of observation which draws attention to non-discursive, instrumental and social contexts of observation, in order to explain scientists' agreement about the appearance and significance of new phenomena. I argue that: observation is embedded in a network of activities, techniques, and interests; that experimentalists make construals of new phenomena which enable them communicate exploratory techniques and their outcomes, and that empirical enquiry consists of communicative, exploratory and predictive strategies whose interdependence ensures that, notwithstanding the constructedness of representations and the empirical underdetermination of theories, observations contain information about the natural world
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Citations of this work BETA
David Gooding (1990). Theory and Observation: The Experimental Nexus. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (2):131 – 148.
David C. Gooding (2010). Visualizing Scientific Inference. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):15-35.
Mart Fehér (1990). The Role Accorded to the Public by Philosophers of Science1. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (3):229-240.
Similar books and articles
Robert Nola (1990). Some Observations on a Popperian Experiment Concerning Observation. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 21 (2):329-346.
David Gooding (1990). Theory and Observation: The Experimental Nexus. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (2):131 – 148.
William P. Bechtel (forthcoming). The Epistemology of Evidence in Cognitive Neuroscience. In R. Skipper Jr, C. Allen, R. A. Ankeny, C. F. Craver, L. Darden, G. Mikkelson & and R. Richardson (eds.), Philosophy and the Life Sciences: A Reader. Mit Press.
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