Philosophy and Social Criticism 22 (5):85-102 (1996)
|Abstract||One of the central issues in political philosophy is the problem of perspective: if there is a dispute as to how justice is to be defined, or a dispute as to whether a particular situation is unjust, how do we determine who is right? I reject the claim that an idealized speech situation or a transcendental perspective can legitimately be invoked to resolve such disputes. In their place, I discuss critical theory's commitment to the position that all perspectives are ideo logical, partial, and rooted in interests. I then discuss Lukács's notion that, given that ideology and interests are ineluctable, certain per spectives are epistemologically privileged (though not transcenden tal). I discuss the notion of the preferential option for the poor in liberation theology, as an instance of such a claim of epistemological privilege. I argue that this has implications for the concept of alterity, and specifically for the role of the Other in a community of discourse. Finally, I discuss Lyotard's notion of incommensurable phrase regi mens, and the particular kind of harm which is done by exclusion from a discursive community. Key Words: critical theory epistemological privilege liberation theology Lukács Lyotard.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Martha J. Reineke (1988). In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens. Philosophy and Theology 2 (3):277-299.
Jose Aldunate (1994). Human Rights as the Rights of the Poor: The Perspective From Liberation Theology. Journal of Moral Education 23 (3):297-303.
Roberto S. Goizueta (1988). Liberation Theology. Philosophy and Theology 3 (1):25-43.
Enrique D. Dussel (2012). Ethics of Liberation in the Age of Globalization and Exclusion. Duke University Press.
Arnold L. Farr (2008). Critical Theory and Democratic Vision: Herbert Marcuse and Recent Liberation Philosophies. Lexington Books.
Barry Kanpol (1996). Critical Pedagogy and Liberation Theology: Borders for a Transformative Agenda. Educational Theory 46 (1):105-117.
Jacob Meskin (1989). From Phenomenology to Liberation. Philosophy and Theology 4 (2):119-144.
James D. Marshall (2001). A Critical Theory of the Self: Wittgenstein, Nietzsche, Foucault. Studies in Philosophy and Education 20 (1):75-91.
Kjetil Fretheim (2011). Development, Ethics and Theology: Interdisciplinary Connections and Challenges. Journal of Global Ethics 7 (3):303-313.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads30 ( #46,331 of 722,708 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?