Scientific Discrimination and the Activist Scientist: L. C. Dunn and the Professionalization of Genetics and Human Genetics in the United States [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of the History of Biology 42 (1):33 - 72 (2009)
During the 1920s and 1930s geneticist L. C. Dunn of Columbia University cautioned Americans against endorsing eugenic policies and called attention to eugenicists' less than rigorous practices. Then, from the mid-1940s to early 1950s he attacked scientific racism and Nazi Rassenhygiene by co-authoring Heredity, Race and Society with Theodosius Dobzhansky and collaborating with members of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) on their international campaign against racism. Even though shaking the foundations of scientific discrimination was Dunn's primary concern during the interwar and post-World War II years, his campaigns had ancillary consequences for the discipline. He contributed to the professionalization of genetics during the 1920s and 1930s and sought respectability for human genetics in the 1940s and 1950s. My article aims to elucidate the activist scientist's role in undermining scientific discrimination by exploring aspects of Dunn's scientific work and political activism from the 1920s to 1950s. Definitions are provided for scientific discrimination and activist scientist.
|Keywords||activist scientist anthropology Columbia University eugenics Franz Boas Genetics Society of America Heredity Race and Society human genetics L.C. Dunn race racism scientific discrimination Statement on Race Theodosius Dobzhansky UNESCO|
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References found in this work BETA
Jonathan Harwood & K. R. Benson (1995). Styles of Scientific Thought: The German Genetics Community, 1900-1933. Annals of Science 52 (1):87-87.
Diane B. Paul (1998). The Politics of Heredity: Essays on Eugenics, Biomedicine, and the Nature-Nurture Debate. State University of New York Press.
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Citations of this work BETA
Veronika Lipphardt (2014). “Geographical Distribution Patterns of Various Genes”: Genetic Studies of Human Variation After 1945. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:50-61.
Audra J. Wolfe (2012). The Cold War Context of the Golden Jubilee, Or, Why We Think of Mendel as the Father of Genetics. Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):389 - 414.
Jenny Bangham (2014). Blood Groups and Human Groups: Collecting and Calibrating Genetic Data After World War Two. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:74-86.
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