David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Review of Metaphysics 30 (2):226 - 254 (1976)
What precisely does aristotle mean when he asserts that something is (or comes to be) "for" "the" "sake" "of" something? I suggest that the answer to this question may be found by examining aristotle's position on the problem of reduction in biology, As it arises within his own scientific "and" "philosophical" context. I discuss the role of the concepts of "nature" and "potential" in aristotelian scientific explanation, And reformulate the reduction problem in that light. I answer the main question by establishing that aristotle holds an "irreducibility" thesis in regard to the generation and development of a living organism, And that this thesis is the core of his conception of final causality. I conclude by arguing that aristotle's teleology is fundamentally "empirical" in character, And not an a priori doctrine brought "to" the study of nature
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Mariska Leunissen (2010). Nature as a Good Housekeeper. Secondary Teleology and Material Necessity in Aristotle’s Biology. Apeiron 43 (4):117-142.
Robert Friedman (1986). Necessitarianism and Teleology in Aristotle's Biology. Biology and Philosophy 1 (3):355-365.
Scott Atran (1987). Origin of the Species and Genus Concepts: An Anthropological Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 20 (2):195 - 279.
Scott Atran (1985). Pre-Theoretical Aspects of Aristotelian Definition and Classification of Animals: The Case for Common Sense. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 16 (2):113-163.
Margaret Scharle (2008). The Role of Material and Effi Cient Causes in Aristotle's Natural Teleology. Apeiron 41 (3):27-46.
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