David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Sociological Theory 17 (2):171-200 (1999)
This article provides the theoretical resources to resolve a number of conundrums in the work of William Julius Wilson and John Ogbu. Contrary to what Wilson's and Ogbu's work sometimes imply, inner-city blacks are not enmeshed in a "culture of poverty," but rather are generally committed to mainstream values and their normative expectations. Activities that deviate from these values derive from the cognitive expectations inner-city blacks have formed in the face of their restricted legitimate opportunity structures. These expectations, which suggest that educational and occupational success are improbable for inner-city residents, are accurate. If their opportunities were to improve, their cognitive expectations would change and most would be committed to taking advantage of these new opportunities. The differences that separate the inner-city poor from whites center on cultural symbols, which help constitute their identity, sometimes in opposition to the white majority. Most deficiencies in performance among blacks stem not from these cultural attributes, but from the way they are processed in white-dominated organizations. Given a majority commitment to equal opportunity and a majority belief that blacks actually have equal opportunity, many conclude from their performance that blacks are in some sense inferior. This "new racism" overdetermines the performance of blacks
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Mark Gould (2009). Culture, Personality, and Emotion in George Herbert Mead: A Critique of Empiricism in Cultural Sociology. Sociological Theory 27 (4):435 - 448.
Similar books and articles
Melvin L. Rogers (2010). Black Bodies, White Gazes: The Continuing Significance of Race (Review). Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (2):192-194.
Beverly I. Moran, The Case for Black Inferiority? What Must Be True If Professor Sander is Right: A Response to a Systemic Analysis of Affirmative Action in American Law Schools.
Ned Block (2000). Sexism, Racism, Ageism and the Nature of Consciousness. In Richard Moran, Alan Sidelle & Jennifer E. Whiting (eds.), The Philosophy of Sydney Shoemaker. University of Arkansas Press. 71--88.
Siddhartha Mitra & Ravi Bhandari, Inter-Racial Social Distance Over Time in a Multi-Racial Country: The Case of United States.
John Tsalikis & Osita Nwachukwu (1988). Cross-Cultural Business Ethics: Ethical Beliefs Difference Between Blacks and Whites. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (10):745 - 754.
Olivette R. Burton (2007). Why Bioethics Cannot Figure Out What to Do with Race. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):6 – 12.
Laurence Thomas (2005). Moral Equality and Natural Inferiority. Social Theory and Practice 31 (3):379-404.
George G. Brenkert (1998). Marketing to Inner-City Blacks. Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (1):1-18.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #120,359 of 1,088,428 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #30,936 of 1,088,428 )
How can I increase my downloads?