David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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In 1937, just as Dobzhansky published the book that later generations would laud as the foundation of the modern synthesis, the American Naturnlist published a symposium on "supraspecific variation in nature and in classification." Alfred C. Kinsey, who later became one of America's most controversial intellectuals for his study of basic behaviors in another sort of WASP,1 led off the symposium with a summary of his extensive work on a family of gall wasps, the Cynipidae. In his article, Kinsey strongly advocated the central theme of the developing synthesis: Evolution at all scales, particularly macroevolution, could be explained by the genetic mechanisms observed in laboratories and local populations. He first complained that some geneticists and naturalists were still impeding a synthesis with their insistence upon causal separation of levels: "Just as some of the geneticists have insisted that the laboratory genetics may explain the nature and origin of Mendelian races, but not of natural species, so others indicate that the qualities of higher categories must be explained on bases other than those involved in species" (1937, p. 208). He then defended the central postulate.
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Angela N. H. Creager (2007). Adaptation or Selection? Old Issues and New Stakes in the Postwar Debates Over Bacterial Drug Resistance. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (1):159-190.
David J. Depew (2011). Adaptation as Process: The Future of Darwinism and the Legacy of Theodosius Dobzhansky. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (1):89-98.
Richard G. Delisle (2009). The Uncertain Foundation of Neo-Darwinism: Metaphysical and Epistemological Pluralism in the Evolutionary Synthesis. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (2):119-132.
Richard G. Delisle (2011). What Was Really Synthesized During the Evolutionary Synthesis? A Historiographic Proposal. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (1):50-59.
Lisa Gannett (2003). The Normal Genome in Twentieth-Century Evolutionary Thought. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (1):143-185.
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