David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):1 - 19 (2010)
The debate on the influence of markets on virtues has focused on two opposite hypotheses: the doux commerce thesis and the self-destruction thesis. Whereas the doux commerce hypothesis assumes that capitalism polishes human manners, the self-destruction hypothesis holds that capitalism erodes the moral foundation of society. This paper will develop a more balanced position by using the virtue ethics developed by Aristotle, which distinguishes several virtues. The research will focus on the question for which virtues the doux commerce or self-destruction thesis is likely to hold. An extensive literature survey shows that market competition tends to stimulate diligence, crowd out temperance, generosity, and sociability, and stimulate envy. The effect on other virtues – i.e. courage, high-spiritedness, justice, and prudence – is ambiguous.
|Keywords||Aristotle capitalism competition doux commerce thesis free market market operation self-destruction thesis virtue ethics|
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References found in this work BETA
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
John Rawls (2009). A Theory of Justice. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophy and Rhetoric. Oxford University Press 133-135.
Deirdre N. McCloskey (2006). The Bourgeois Virtues: Ethics for an Age of Commerce. University of Chicago Press.
Johan Graafland, Bert van de Ven & Nelleke Stoffele (2003). Strategies and Instruments for Organising CSR by Small and Large Businesses in the Netherlands. Journal of Business Ethics 47 (1):45-60.
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Citations of this work BETA
Ignacio Ferrero & Alejo José G. Sison (2014). A Quantitative Analysis of Authors, Schools and Themes in Virtue Ethics Articles in Business Ethics and Management Journals. [REVIEW] Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (4):375-400.
Boudewijn de Bruin (2013). Epistemic Virtues in Business. Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):583-595.
Paul K. Shum & Sharon L. Yam (2011). Ethics and Law: Guiding the Invisible Hand to Correct Corporate Social Responsibility Externalities. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 98 (4):549 - 571.
Kevin Morrell & Ian Clark (2010). Private Equity and the Public Good. Journal of Business Ethics 96 (2):249 - 263.
George N. Gotsis & Zoe Kortezi (2010). Ethical Considerations in Organizational Politics: Expanding the Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 93 (4):497 - 517.
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