Individual, social and organizational sources of sharing and variation in the ethical reasoning of managers
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 42 (2):101 - 124 (2003)
A growth in consumer and media ethical consciousness has resulted in the need for organizations to ensure that members understand, share and project an approved and unified set of ethics. Thus understanding which variables are related to sharing and variation of ethical reasoning and moral intent, and the relative strength of these variables is critical. While past research has examined individual (attitudes, values, etc.), social (peers, significant others, etc.) and organizational (codes of conduct, senior management, etc.) variables, it has focused on their influence on the individual – and not on their role in relation to patterns of group sharing and variation in an organization. Introduced as a new methodology to study ethics, microcultural analysis stipulates that to explain patterns of sharing and variation, one must understand how individual, social and organizational variables influence sharing and variation. Key hypotheses predict that managers who share in individual, social or organizational determinants will be more likely to share in ethical reasoning and moral intent. Qualitative and quantitative research supports the key hypotheses, finding social ties, personal moral intensity, Machiavellianism, locus of control and codes of ethics as significant determinants. Individuals who share in these determinants are more likely to share in ethical reasoning and moral intent. Additionally, regression analysis reveals social ties and personal moral intensity to be the strongest determinants. Based on these results, managerial recommendations focus on a holistic approach, manipulating these three determinants to cultivate a unified code of ethics within an organization.
|Keywords||ethical reasoning individual determinants moral intent organizational determinants regression sharing social determinants variation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Chris M. Bell & Justin Hughes-Jones (2008). Power, Self-Regulation and the Moralization of Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (3):503 - 514.
Pablo Ruiz-Palomino, Ricardo Martínez-Cañas & Joan Fontrodona (2013). Ethical Culture and Employee Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Person-Organization Fit. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 116 (1):173-188.
James M. Bloodgood, William H. Turnley & Peter E. Mudrack (2010). Ethics Instruction and the Perceived Acceptability of Cheating. Journal of Business Ethics 95 (1):23 - 37.
Derek Dalton & Robin R. Radtke (2013). The Joint Effects of Machiavellianism and Ethical Environment on Whistle-Blowing. Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):153-172.
Cristina Diaz, Job Rodrigo, Ricardo Martinez & Pablo Ruiz (2015). Level of Coherence Among Ethics Program Components and Its Impact on Ethical Intent. Journal of Business Ethics 128 (4):725-742.
Similar books and articles
John J. Ryan (2001). Moral Reasoning as a Determinant of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: A Study in the Public Accounting Profession. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 33 (3):233 - 244.
Sean Valentine & Karen Page (2006). Nine to Five: Skepticism of Women's Employment and Ethical Reasoning. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 63 (1):53 - 61.
Almerinda Forte (2004). Antecedents of Managers Moral Reasoning. Journal of Business Ethics 51 (4):313-347.
Craig V. VanSandt, Jon M. Shepard & Stephen M. Zappe (2006). An Examination of the Relationship Between Ethical Work Climate and Moral Awareness. Journal of Business Ethics 68 (4):409 - 432.
Scott J. Vitell & Encarnación Ramos Hidalgo (2006). The Impact of Corporate Ethical Values and Enforcement of Ethical Codes on the Perceived Importance of Ethics in Business: A Comparison of U.S. And Spanish Managers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 64 (1):31 - 43.
K. Gregory Jin, Ron Drozdenko & Rick Bassett (2007). Information Technology Professionals' Perceived Organizational Values and Managerial Ethics: An Empirical Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 71 (2):149 - 159.
K. Paudel Shishir (forthcoming). Organizational Ethics, Individual Ethics, and Ethical Intentions in International Decision-Making. Journal of Business Ethics.
Nicole Andreoli & Joel Lefkowitz (2009). Individual and Organizational Antecedents of Misconduct in Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (3):309 - 332.
Almerinda Forte (2004). Business Ethics: A Study of the Moral Reasoning of Selected Business Managers and the Influence of Organizational Ethical Climate. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 51 (2):167-173.
Neil A. Granitz & James C. Ward (2001). Actual and Perceived Sharing of Ethical Reasoning and Moral Intent Among in-Group and Out-Group Members. Journal of Business Ethics 33 (4):299 - 322.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #101,765 of 1,696,808 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #116,273 of 1,696,808 )
How can I increase my downloads?