David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Inquiry 23 (2):233 – 242 (1980)
In a recent Inquiry article Louis Pascal argues that the problem of massive starvation in the modern world is the result of a genetically-based human propensity to produce as many offspring as possible, regardless of ecological conditions. In this paper biological and anthropological objections to Pascal's thesis are discussed as well as the conclusions he draws from it. It is suggested that natural selection has produced humans who are flexible in their reproductive behavior in order to cope with rapidly changing environments. The implications of both arguments for the population movement and the attempt to eliminate starvation are discussed.
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References found in this work BETA
Edward O. Wilson, Arthur L. Caplan, Daniel G. Freedman & Michael Ruse (1982). On Human Nature. Ethics 92 (2):327-340.
John Cassidy (1978). Philosophical Aspects of the Group Selection Controversy. Philosophy of Science 45 (4):575-594.
Robort Boyd & Peter J. Richerson (1976). A Simple Dual Inheritance Model of the Conflict Between Social and Biological Evolution. Zygon 11 (3):254-262.
Louis Pascal (1978). Human Tragedy and Natural Selection. Inquiry 21 (1-4):443 – 460.
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