David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Gregory R. Mulhauser (ed.), Evolving Consciousness. John Benjamins (1998)
This paper celebrates an anniversary, or near anniversary.Â As we write it is just more than 40 years since U. T. Place's â€œIs consciousness a brain process?â€ appeared in the British Journal of Psychology, and just less than 40 since J. J. C. Smart's â€œSensations and brain processesâ€ appeared, in its first version, in The Philosophical Review (Place 1962/1956, Smart 1962/1959). Â These two papers arguably founded contemporary philosophy of mind.Â They defined its central preoccupation (the ontology of consciousness), introduced its regnant ontology (materialism/physicalism), offered its initial logical techniques (e.g. appeals to the concepts of identity and event) as well as empirical reliances (on neuroscience), and, finally, offered its most seminal sectarian doctrine (central state materialism).Â No history of philosophy of mind can afford to neglect them.Â (See for discussion Macdonald 1989.)Â It is to be near both the letter of Smart's paper and the spirit of his and Place's concern for how best to develop a philosophical understanding of consciousness that we entitle our own paper 'Sensations and grain processes'.Â (That is not a typo, as will be seen momentarily.) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â In the years since Smart's and Place's contributions, the landscape of philosophy of mind has changed in many ways.Â The empirical reliances of very recent philosophy of mind have expanded to include the cognitive sciences (not just neuroscience); central state materialism alternately has been displaced by causal role and functional specification theories of mind; fresh logical techniques have been introduced (e.g. the concept of supervenience); and it is less clear than it was in the 1950's whether materialism is to be preferred to some more ecumenical ontology (such as naturalism). Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â This paper is about the current status of the philosophy of consciousness (which we take to be phenomenal consciousness, for purposes of the paper; of which more momentarily); not so much the case for materialism (which we take to be, for the most part, complicated by considerations which we shall adduce below) as what the philosophical program for doing the philosophy of the conscious mind is and where it can, and most importantly can't, rely on cognitive science.Â There is quite a lot of ground to cover in a short space.Â So let's begin by demarcating the subject matter and outlining the paper to follow..
|Keywords||Brain Consciousness Process Sensation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Nicholas Maxwell (1968). Understanding Sensations. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 46 (August):127-146.
John T. Stevenson (1960). Sensations and Brain Processes: A Reply to J.J.C. Smart. Philosophical Review 69 (October):505-10.
Ullin T. Place (1960). Materialism as a Scientific Hypothesis. Philosophical Review 69 (January):101-4.
J. J. C. Smart (1960). Sensations and Brain Processes: A Rejoinder to Dr Pitcher and Mr Joske. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (December):252-54.
Ullin T. Place (1972). Sensations and Processes: A Reply to Munsat. Mind 81 (January):106-112.
Thomas W. Polger (2011). Are Sensations Still Brain Processes? Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):1-21.
Ullin T. Place (1988). Thirty Years on -- Is Consciousness Still a Brain Process? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (June):208-19.
George Pitcher (1960). Sensations and Brain Processes: A Reply to Professor Smart. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (August):150-7.
Clive Vernon Borst (1970). The Mind-Brain Identity Theory: A Collection of Papers. New York,St Martin's P..
George Graham & Terence E. Horgan (2002). Sensations and Grain Processes. In James H. Fetzer (ed.), Consciousness Evolving. John Benjamins.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads18 ( #92,404 of 1,100,751 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #44,058 of 1,100,751 )
How can I increase my downloads?