David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Diverse lines of evidence point to a basic human aversion to physically harming others. First, we demonstrate that unwillingness to endorse harm in a moral dilemma is predicted by individual differences in aversive reactivity, as indexed by peripheral vasoconstriction. Next, we tested the specific factors that elicit the aversive response to harm. Participants performed actions such as discharging a fake gun into the face of the experimenter, fully informed that the actions were pretend and harmless. These simulated harmful actions increased peripheral vasoconstriction significantly more than did witnessing pretend harmful actions or to performing metabolically-matched non-harmful actions. This suggests that the aversion to harmful actions extends beyond empathic concern for victim harm. Together, these studies demonstrate a link between the body and moral decision making processes.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Fiery Cushman (2008). Crime and Punishment: Distinguishing the Roles of Causal and Intentional Analyses in Moral Judgment. Cognition 108 (2):353-380.
Larry May (2010). Complicity and the Rwandan Genocide. Res Publica 16 (2):135-152.
Sylvia Terbeck, Guy Kahane, Sarah McTavish, Julian Savulescu, Neil Levy, Miles Hewstone & Philip Cowen (2013). Beta Adrenergic Blockade Reduces Utilitarian Judgement. Biological Psychology 92 (2):323-328.
M. F. Jonas & S. J. Thornley (2011). Smoky Rooms and Fuzzy Harms: How Should the Law Respond to Harmful Parental Practices? Public Health Ethics 4 (2):129-142.
Fiona Woollard (2010). Doing/Allowing and the Deliberative Requirement. Ratio 23 (2):199-216.
Justin Patrick Mcbrayer (2008). Rights, Indirect Harms and the Non-Identity Problem. Bioethics 22 (6):299–306.
Lauren Hartzell-Nichols (2012). How is Climate Change Harmful? Ethics and the Environment 17 (2):97-110.
William J. McKinney (1996). Prediction and Rolston's Environmental Ethics: Lessons From the Philosophy of Science. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):429-440.
Hamish Stewart (2009). The Limits of the Harm Principle. Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (1):17-35.
Karsten Klint Jensen (2002). The Moral Foundation of the Precautionary Principle. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (1):39-55.
Laura Radulian (2005). Marketing of Harmful Products. International Corporate Responsibility Series 2:329-357.
Benjamin Mossel (2009). Negative Actions. Philosophia 37 (2):307-333.
Katja Wiech, Guy Kahane, Nicholas Shackel, Miguel Farias, Julian Savulescu & Irene Tracey (2013). Cold or Calculating? Reduced Activity in the Subgenual Cingulate Cortex Reflects Decreased Emotional Aversion to Harming in Counterintuitive Utilitarian Judgment. Cognition 126 (3):364-372.
Dana Kay Nelkin & Samuel C. Rickless (2013). Three Cheers for Double Effect. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (1):125-158.
Added to index2011-04-06
Total downloads13 ( #170,004 of 1,696,194 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #92,256 of 1,696,194 )
How can I increase my downloads?