Graduate studies at Western
Journal of Medical Ethics:2012-100770 (forthcoming)
|Abstract||The article considers the objection to a commercial market in living donor organs for transplantation on the ground that such a market would be exploitative of the vendors. It examines a key challenge to that objection, to the effect that denying poor people the option to sell an organ is to withhold from them the best that a bad situation has to offer. The article casts serious doubt on this attempt at justifying an organ market, and its philosophical underpinning. Drawing, in part, from the catalogued consequences of a thriving kidney market in some parts of India, it is argued that the justification relies on conditions which are extremely unlikely to obtain, even in a regulated donor market: that organ selling meaningfully improves the material situation of the organ vendor. Far from being axiomatic, both logic and the extant empirical evidence point towards the unlikelihood of such an upshot. Finally, the article considers a few conventional counter-arguments in favour of a permissive stance on organ sales|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Paul M. Hughes (1998). Exploitation, Autonomy, and the Case for Organ Sales. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):89-95.
Paul M. Hughes (1998). Exploitation, Autonomy, and the Case for Organ Sales. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):89--95.
Jeffrey P. Kahn (2003). Three Views of Organ Procurement Policy: Moving Ahead or Giving Up? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (1):45-50.
James Stacey Taylor (2006). Why the 'Black Market' Arguments Against Legalizing Organ Sales Fail. Res Publica 12 (2):163-178.
Danny Frederick (2010). A Competitive Market in Human Organs. Libertarian Papers 2 (27):1-21.
Mark J. Cherry (2000). Is a Market in Human Organs Necessarily Exploitative? Public Affairs Quarterly 14 (4):337--360.
J. R. Kuntz (2009). A Litmus Test for Exploitation: James Stacey Taylor's Stakes and Kidneys. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (6):552-572.
Simon Rippon (forthcoming). Imposing Options on People in Poverty: The Harm of a Live Donor Organ Market. Journal of Medical Ethics:2011-100318.
N. Scott Arnold (1992). Market Socialism. Critical Review 6 (4):517-557.
Hayden Bernstein, Organ-Trafficking and the State of Israel: Jewish and Ethical Guidelines for a Regulated Market in Human Organs.
T. Phillips (2011). From the Ideal Market to the Ideal Clinic: Constructing a Normative Standard of Fairness for Human Subjects Research. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):79-106.
Mark T. Nelson (1991). The Morality of a Free Market for Transplant Organs. Public Affairs Quarterly 5 (1):63-79.
Horace L. Fairlamb (1996). Adam Smith's Other Hand: A Capitalist Theory of Exploitation. Social Theory and Practice 22 (2):193--223.
Henry Laycock (1999). Exploitation Via Labour Power in Marx. Journal of Ethics 3 (2):121--131.
Added to index2012-09-22
Total downloads6 ( #154,793 of 739,324 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,243 of 739,324 )
How can I increase my downloads?