David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Moral Education 29 (4):445-461 (2000)
In this article I present behavioural analyses of particular constructions of democracy and the ethic of care, in order to determine whether care is a democratic virtue. I analyse Carol Gilligan's concept of care as a complex of six virtues or behavioural dispositions: acquaintance, mindfulness, moral imagining, solidarity, tolerance and self-care. I then describe democracy in terms of two divergent but compatible sets of practices: social non-interference and social co-operation. These behavioural analyses lead me to conclude that certain behavioural habits that partially constitute a person's or a community's caring also partially constitute that person's or community's democracy. Specifically, the caring virtues of acquaintance, mindfulness, moral imagining and self-care also belong to the virtue of democratic co-operation, and the caring virtue of tolerance constitutes the democratic ideal of non-interference. However, solidarity of conscience and private purposes is not itself a democratic ideal, and to try to make it so would violate the democratic ideal of non-interference. Since most of the virtues of care I identified are also virtues of democracy, they are appropriate aims of public education. The enculturation of caring and democratic virtues requires that children practise the kind of inquiry in which these ideals are constructed
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Nel Noddings (1984). Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education. University of California Press.
Matthew Lipman (1995). Caring as Thinking. Inquiry 15 (1):1-13.
Citations of this work BETA
Maughn Gregory (2011). Philosophy for Children and its Critics: A Mendham Dialogue. Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (2):199-219.
David D. Williams, Stephen C. Yanchar, Larry C. Jensen & Cheryl Lewis (2003). Character Education in a Public High School: A Multi-Year Inquiry Into Unified Studies. Journal of Moral Education 32 (1):3-33.
Similar books and articles
Ella Myers (2013). Worldly Ethics: Democratic Politics and Care for the World. Duke University Press.
Michalinos Zembylas (2010). The Ethic of Care in Globalized Societies: Implications for Citizenship Education. Ethics and Education 5 (3):233 - 245.
Leonard M. Fleck (1994). Just Caring: Oregon, Health Care Rationing, and Informed Democratic Deliberation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (4):367-388.
Howard J. Curzer (1993). Is Care a Virtue for Health Care Professionals? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (1):51-69.
Daniel Engster (2005). Rethinking Care Theory: The Practice of Caring and the Obligation to Care. Hypatia 20 (3):50-74.
Adam Niemczynski (1996). Moral Education is Not Good Enough Because Education is Not Moral Enough. Journal of Moral Education 25 (1):111-116.
Matthew Noah Smith (2013). The Importance of What They Care About. Philosophical Studies 165 (2):297-314.
Jeff Edmonds (2011). Toward an Ethics of the Encounter: William James's Push Beyond Tolerance. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 25 (2):133-147.
Michael Fielding (2013). Whole School Meetings and the Development of Radical Democratic Community. Studies in Philosophy and Education 32 (2):123-140.
C. S. King (2013). Economic Theories of Democratic Legitimacy and the Normative Role of an Ideal Consensus. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (2):156-178.
Martin Woods (2011). An Ethic of Care in Nursing: Past, Present and Future Considerations. Ethics and Social Welfare 5 (3):266-276.
Vrinda Dalmiya (2002). Why Should a Knower Care? Hypatia 17 (1):34--52.
Linda Steiner & Chad M. Okrusch (2006). Care as a Virtue for Journalists. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 21 (2 & 3):102 – 122.
Added to index2010-09-02
Total downloads18 ( #203,257 of 1,796,164 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #98,825 of 1,796,164 )
How can I increase my downloads?