David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (5):589-611 (2009)
Two major developments of the last two decades have radically undermined traditional justifications of leftist politics: the failure of 20th-century `socialist' experiments, and what might be termed the deessentializing movement in contemporary philosophy. However, the social injustices that animated revolutionary thinkers in many respects remain, and some have arguably worsened in the era of globalized capitalism. This article investigates whether it is possible to articulate a new theoretical underpinning for progressive politics that nevertheless avoids the essentialist moves of Marxism. Ethico-political readings of Derrida — one of the most influential anti-essentialist thinkers — are compared to Ernesto Laclau's attempts at formulating a post-Marxist progressive politics built around the notions of `hegemony' and `radical democracy'. Laclau's intervention in the Marxist tradition is to deconstruct its traditional categories so as to take account of contingency; his intervention in deconstruction is to introduce what in this article is described as `contestation', so as to provide a more coherent account of the political. The article concludes that neither deconstruction nor radical democracy provides an adequate basis for poltical action, but that the latter's account of the political is a meaningful development of the theoretical schema articulated by the former and does point to the possibility of a non-essentialist progressive politics. Key Words: aporia • contestation • contingency • deconstruction • Jacques Derrida • hegemony • justice • Ernesto Laclau • Emmanuel Levinas • responsibility.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Michael Kaplan (2010). The Rhetoric of Hegemony: Laclau, Radical Democracy, and the Rule of Tropes. Philosophy and Rhetoric 43 (3):253-283.
Saul Newman (2005). Power and Politics in Poststructuralist Thought: New Theories of the Political. Routledge.
Andrew Norris (2006). Ernesto Laclau and the Logic of ‘the Political’. Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (1):111-134.
Peter Ives (2005). Language, Agency and Hegemony: A Gramscian Response to Post‐Marxism. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (4):455-468.
Martin McQuillan (ed.) (2007). The Politics of Deconstruction: Jacques Derrida and the Other of Philosophy. Pluto Press.
Saul Newman (2001). Derrida's Deconstruction of Authority. Philosophy and Social Criticism 27 (3):1-20.
Mark Anthony Wenman (2003). Laclau or Mouffe? Splitting the Difference. Philosophy and Social Criticism 29 (5):581-606.
Fred Dallmayr (1987). Hegemony and Democracy: A Review of Laclau and Mouffe: Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Social Criticism 13 (3):283-296.
E. E. Berns (1996). Decision, Hegemony and Law: Derrida and Laclau. Philosophy and Social Criticism 22 (4):71-80.
Added to index2009-05-16
Total downloads33 ( #52,135 of 1,100,683 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #115,309 of 1,100,683 )
How can I increase my downloads?