David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):45 – 50 (1994)
Abstract In order to be a general theory of human cognition, the theory of mental models needs to accommodate a variety of forms of reasoning in addition to deduction. The mental model theory of induction is a crucial step in establishing generality. After suggesting that the theory of mental models can also account for abduction and analogy, the paper points out that inductive performance is likely to be constrained both by the nature of the representation used and by strategic factors. Since human cognition involves the communication of arguments, a final section explores the relationship between the theory of mental models and the notion of an argument. It proposes that models can contain tokens of inductive arguments which can be referred to in the course of other arguments
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David Klahr & Kevin Dunbar (1988). Dual Space Search During Scientific Reasoning. Cognitive Science 12 (1):1-48.
Jill H. Larkin & Herbert A. Simon (1987). Why a Diagram is (Sometimes) Worth Ten Thousand Words. Cognitive Science 11 (1):65-100.
Howard Margolis (1987). Patterns, Thinking, and Cognition. A Theory of Judgment. University of Chicago Press.
D. Norman & T. Shallice (1986). Attention to Action: Willed and Automatic Control of Behavior. In R. Davidson, R. Schwartz & D. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation: Advances in Research and Theory IV. Plenum Press.
P. F. Strawson (1952). Introduction to Logical Theory. New York, Wiley.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Peter Gärdenfors (1990). Induction, Conceptual Spaces and AI. Philosophy of Science 57 (1):78-95.
R. A. Fumerton (1980). Induction and Reasoning to the Best Explanation. Philosophy of Science 47 (4):589-600.
William F. Brewer (2001). Models in Science and Mental Models in Scientists and Nonscientists. Mind and Society 2 (2):33-48.
Adam Toon (2010). Models as Make-Believe. In Roman Frigg & Matthew Hunter (eds.), Beyond Mimesis and Convention: Representation in Art and Science. Boston Studies in Philosophy of Science.
David K. Hardman (1998). Discussion de-Focusing on the Wason Selection Task: Mental Models or Mental Inference Rules? A Commentary on Green and Larking (1995). Thinking and Reasoning 4 (1):83 – 94.
Michael Mytilinaios (1989). Finite Injury and ∑1-Induction. Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):38 - 49.
Philip N. Johnson-Laird (1994). A Model Theory of Induction. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):5 – 29.
Bruno G. Bara & Monica Bucciarelli (2000). Deduction and Induction: Reasoning Through Mental Models. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 1 (1):95-107.
Added to index2009-02-01
Total downloads2 ( #361,129 of 1,099,722 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #303,379 of 1,099,722 )
How can I increase my downloads?