David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247 (2003)
Subjects classified visible 2-digit numbers as larger or smaller than 55. Target numbers were preceded by masked 2-digit primes that were either congruent (same relation to 55) or incongruent. Experiments 1 and 2 showed prime congruency effects for stimuli never included in the set of classified visible targets, indicating subliminal priming based on long-term semantic memory. Experiments 2 and 3 went further to demonstrate paradoxical unconscious priming effects resulting from task context. For example, after repeated practice classifying 73 as larger than 55, the novel masked prime 37 paradoxically facilitated the “larger” response. In these experiments task context could induce subjects to unconsciously process only the leftmost masked prime digit, only the rightmost digit, or both independently. Across 3 experiments, subliminal priming was governed by both task context and long-term semantic memory
|Keywords||*Classification (Cognitive Process) *Contextual Associations *Numbers (Numerals) *Priming *Semantic Memory Long Term Memory Subliminal Stimulation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Sébastien Weibel, Anne Giersch, Stanislas Dehaene & Caroline Huron (2013). Unconscious Task Set Priming with Phonological and Semantic Tasks. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):517-527.
Luiz Pessoa Anil K. Seth, Zoltán Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard (2008). Measuring Consciousness: Relating Behavioural and Neurophysiological Approaches. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314.
D. Dotan & S. Dehaene (2013). How Do We Convert a Number Into a Finger Trajectory? Cognition 129 (3):512-529.
E. VandEnbussche, G. SeGers & B. Reynvoet (2008). Conscious and Unconscious Proportion Effects in Masked Priming☆. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1345-1358.
Shah Khalid, Peter König & Ulrich Ansorge (2011). Sensitivity of Different Measures of the Visibility of Masked Primes: Influences of Prime–Response and Prime–Target Relations. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1473-1488.
Similar books and articles
Frank Rösler & Martin Heil (2003). Working Memory as a State of Activated Long-Term Memory: A Plausible Theory, but Other Data Provide More Compelling Evidence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):754-755.
Bill Faw (2003). Pre-Frontal Executive Committee for Perception, Working Memory, Attention, Long-Term Memory, Motor Control, and Thinking: A Tutorial Review. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):83-139.
Giuseppe Vallar (2003). The Short-Term/Long-Term Memory Distinction: Back to the Past? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):757-758.
Steve Majerus, Martial Van der Linden, Fabienne Collette & Eric Salmon (2003). Does Sustained ERP Activity in Posterior Lexico-Semantic Processing Areas During Short-Term Memory Tasks Only Reflect Activated Long-Term Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):746-747.
Jennifer D. Ryan & Neal J. Cohen (2003). The Contribution of Long-Term Memory and the Role of Frontal-Lobe Systems in on-Line Processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):756-756.
Robert H. Logie & Sergio Della Sala (2003). Working Memory as a Mental Workspace: Why Activated Long-Term Memory is Not Enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):745-746.
Wolfgang Klimesch & Bärbel Schack (2003). Activation of Long-Term Memory by Alpha Oscillations in a Working-Memory Task? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):743-743.
Joaquín M. Fuster (2003). More Than Working Memory Rides on Long-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-737.
Timothy P. McNamara (2005). Semantic Priming: Perspectives From Memory and Word Recognition. Psychology Press.
S. Dehaene, A. G. Greenwald, R. L. Abrams & L. Naccache (2003). Long-Term Semantic Memory Versus Contextual Memory in Unconscious Number Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads78 ( #55,992 of 1,911,313 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #142,834 of 1,911,313 )
How can I increase my downloads?