David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247 (2003)
Subjects classified visible 2-digit numbers as larger or smaller than 55. Target numbers were preceded by masked 2-digit primes that were either congruent (same relation to 55) or incongruent. Experiments 1 and 2 showed prime congruency effects for stimuli never included in the set of classified visible targets, indicating subliminal priming based on long-term semantic memory. Experiments 2 and 3 went further to demonstrate paradoxical unconscious priming effects resulting from task context. For example, after repeated practice classifying 73 as larger than 55, the novel masked prime 37 paradoxically facilitated the “larger” response. In these experiments task context could induce subjects to unconsciously process only the leftmost masked prime digit, only the rightmost digit, or both independently. Across 3 experiments, subliminal priming was governed by both task context and long-term semantic memory
|Keywords||*Classification (Cognitive Process) *Contextual Associations *Numbers (Numerals) *Priming *Semantic Memory Long Term Memory Subliminal Stimulation|
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Sébastien Weibel, Anne Giersch, Stanislas Dehaene & Caroline Huron (2013). Unconscious Task Set Priming with Phonological and Semantic Tasks. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):517-527.
Luiz Pessoa Anil K. Seth, Zoltán Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard (2008). Measuring Consciousness: Relating Behavioural and Neurophysiological Approaches. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314.
D. Dotan & S. Dehaene (2013). How Do We Convert a Number Into a Finger Trajectory? Cognition 129 (3):512-529.
E. VandEnbussche, G. SeGers & B. Reynvoet (2008). Conscious and Unconscious Proportion Effects in Masked Priming☆. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1345-1358.
Shah Khalid, Peter König & Ulrich Ansorge (2011). Sensitivity of Different Measures of the Visibility of Masked Primes: Influences of Prime–Response and Prime–Target Relations. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1473-1488.
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