David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Acta Biotheoretica 46 (2):89-98 (1998)
A measure of association is introduced that is based on a conceptual rather than a model approach in order to ensure its broad applicability. The basis of the concept involves two variables or traits and of members of a population. The association of the -state with the -state is measured by the degree to which members of given -state share their -state. This formulation yields an index of association, which is applicable to all categories of traits, including discontinuous and continuous traits as well as combinations of these. Complete association of one trait with the other is equivalent to the existence of a functional relationship of the second to the first trait. Therefore, the degree of association can be understood as the closeness of the relations between two variables to a non-specified functional relationship. This feature in connection with the asymmetry of the index attests its suitability for cause-effect analyses. In fact, the conceptual approach to the measurement of association yields a conclusive method of detection and description of functional relationships between variables together with a method for quantification of the strictness of these relationships. The legitimacy of the correlation coefficient and of disequilibrium indices as measures of association is briefly addressed.
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy of Biology Evolutionary Biology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jonathan Kaplan (2002). Historical Evidence and Human Adaptations. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S294-S304.
Marcus R. Munafò (2005). Integrating Genetic, Behavioral, and Psychometric Research in Conceptualizing Human Behavioral Traits. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):358-359.
Marcus Arvan (2009). In Defense of Discretionary Association Theories of Political Legitimacy: Reply to Buchanan. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.
Richard Evans (2011). Representing Personality Traits as Conditionals. Aisb 4 (1):35-42.
Raoul Naroll (1961). Two Solutions to Galton's Problem. Philosophy of Science 28 (1):15-39.
Fred Gifford (1990). Genetic Traits. Biology and Philosophy 5 (3):327-347.
Jonathan Michael Kaplan & Massimo Pigliucci (2001). Genes `For' Phenotypes: A Modern History View. Biology and Philosophy 16 (2):189--213.
Hans-Rolf Gregorius (2011). The Analysis of Association Between Traits When Differences Between Trait States Matter. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (3):213-229.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads3 ( #447,956 of 1,707,731 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #266,161 of 1,707,731 )
How can I increase my downloads?