David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Linguistics and Philosophy 18 (1):83 - 112 (1995)
Grice's Quantity maxims have been widely misinterpreted as enjoining a speaker to make the strongest claim that she can, while respecting the other conversational maxims. Although many writers on the topic of conversational implicature interpret the Quantity maxims as enjoining such volubility, so construed the Quantity maxims are unreasonable norms for conversation. Appreciating this calls for attending more closely to the notion of what a conversation requires. When we do so, we see that eschewing an injunction to maximal informativeness need not deprive us of any ability to predict or explain genuine cases of implicature. Crucial to this explanation is an appreciation of how what a conversation, or a given stage of a conversation, requires, depends upon what kind of conversation is taking place. I close with an outline of this dependence relation that distinguishes among three importantly distinct types of conversation.
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References found in this work BETA
H. P. Grice (1989). Studies in the Way of Words. Harvard University Press.
David Lewis (1969). Convention: A Philosophical Study. Harvard University Press.
Richard Jeffrey (1983). The Logic of Decision. University of Chicago Press.
David P. Gauthier (1986). Morals by Agreement. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Judith Degen & Michael K. Tanenhaus (2015). Processing Scalar Implicature: A Constraint‐Based Approach. Cognitive Science 39 (4):667-710.
Robert van Rooij & Katrin Schulz (2004). Exhaustive Interpretation of Complex Sentences. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (4):491-519.
Katrin Schulz & Robert Van Rooij (2006). Pragmatic Meaning and Non-Monotonic Reasoning: The Case of Exhaustive Interpretation. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (2):205-250.
Zachary Miller (2016). The Reformulation Argument: Reining in Gricean Pragmatics. Philosophical Studies 173 (2):525-546.
Katrin Schulz & Robert van Rooij (2006). Pragmatic Meaning and Non-Monotonic Reasoning: The Case of Exhaustive Interpretation. Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (2):205 - 250.
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