David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy of Science 57 (4):553-574 (1990)
It is argued that neither the "theory-informity" of observations nor the Quine-Duhem thesis pose any in principle threat to the objectivity of theory evaluation. The employment of exploratory theories does not generate incommensurability, but on the contrary is responsible for the mensurability and commensurability of explanatory theories, since exploratory theories enable scientists to make observations which are critical in the evaluation of explanatory theories. The employment of exploratory theories and other auxiliary hypotheses does not enable a theory to always accommodate recalcitrant observations to preserve evidential equivalence with a rival theory. Explanatory theories become rapidly degenerating if exploratory theories or other auxiliary hypotheses which inform the original confirmation base are modified to accommodate recalcitrant observations
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Harold I. Brown (2005). Incommensurability Reconsidered. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):149-169.
John D. Greenwood (2007). Unnatural Epistemology. Mind and Language 22 (2):132-149.
Theodore Arabatzis (1992). The Discovery of the Zeeman Effect: A Case Study of the Interplay Between Theory and Experiment. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (3):365-388.
John Zammito (2005). Ankersmit and Historical Representation. History and Theory 44 (2):155–181.
Harold Brown (2009). Interpretation, Constraint, and the Prospects of Scientific Realism. Human Affairs 19 (2).
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