David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 21 (2-3):269 - 279 (1999)
The different experience of unemployment and of poverty in the two main Western economic systems (roughly, Europe and the US) demonstrates that a simple economic approach to these problems does not exist. In this paper I deal with the question of the impact of technological change on productive activities, employment and income distribution.The main idea is the following: technological progress may lead to an impoverishment of the disadvantaged people in a free-market society, as a consequence of their inability to adjust their skills to the new requirements of the labour market. By contrast, a just society, grounded on moral principles, recognizes that the distributive criterion has to take into account not only individual contributions to production, but also the relative needs of the individuals. In that context, everyone should be better off after a technological change, since it is fair that everyone gains some advantage from a generalized improvement in the productive conditions of society. A policy that adopts this perspective should provide an effective guard against the danger of social exclusion that strikes modern societies.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Borany Penh (2009). New Convergences in Poverty Reduction, Conflict, and State Fragility: What Business Should Know. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):515 - 528.
Similar books and articles
Mark Day (2004). Explanatory Exclusion History and Social Science. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (1):20-37.
Costas Lapavitsas (2004). Commodities and Gifts: Why Commodities Represent More Than Market Relations. Science and Society 68 (1):33 - 56.
Arthur MacEwan (1995). Technological Options and Free Trade Agreements. Science and Society 59 (1):9 - 37.
Laura Leets & Sunwolf (2005). Adolescent Rules for Social Exclusion: When is It Fair to Exclude Someone Else? Journal of Moral Education 34 (3):343-362.
Ana C. Santos (2007). The 'Materials' of Experimental Economics: Technological Versus Behavioral Experiments. Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):311-337.
Desh Raj Sirswal (2011). Philosophy of Social Change: Need of an Indian Model. In , The Positive Philosophy.
Sean Sayers (1980). Forces of Production and Relations of Production in Socialist Society. Radical Philosophy 24 (24):19-26.
Jeremy Wickins (2007). The Ethics of Biometrics: The Risk of Social Exclusion From the Widespread Use of Electronic Identification. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):45-54.
Antoon Braeckman (2006). Niklas Luhmann's Systems Theoretical Redescription of the Inclusion/Exclusion Debate. Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (1):65-88.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads4 ( #198,443 of 1,088,370 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,449 of 1,088,370 )
How can I increase my downloads?