David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The thesis critically analyses the dominant foundationalist tendency of modern philosophy, with special reference to the sophisticated antifoundationalist critiques of foundationalism formulated by G.W.F. Hegel and Gilles Deleuze. It begins by outlining a general methodological aspect of foundationalism, regarding the necessity of radical self-critique in philosophy, which directly connects contemporary thought with Cartesianism, via classical German philosophy. In the philosophies of Kant, Fichte and Schelling, this self-critical project is transformed: they undertake to show that reason can, by examining itself, give an account of experience that is systematic, or consistent with itself. However, each of these thinkers fails to accomplish this, and indeed, the commitment to a priori foundations is itself undermined in Schelling's work; where a philosophical crisis of meaning (a 'trauma of reason', philosophical nihilism) emerges. Deleuze and Hegel's contrasting critiques of foundationalism, and their positive reconstructions of the standpoint of philosophy, are then interpreted as non-foundationalist attempts to overcome this internal crisis of foundationalist thought as inadvertently exposed by Schelling. Both criticise certain subjective presuppositions common to foundationalist philosophies, which they consider constitute a dogmatic 'image' of philosophy, a kind of transcendental illusion that is the guiding force behind foundationalism. Both also aim to replace this with a genuinely philosophical image. The thesis provides an original historical contextualisation of Deleuze's thought in relation to German Idealism, and Schelling in particular, with whom, it is argued, Deleuze has much in common. Deleuze's conception of pure difference is treated in this regard as a kind of 'absolute knowledge'. This contextualisation also allows the sometimes crudely understood antipathy between Hegel and Deleuze to be addressed in a more penetrating fashion, which shows that they have more in common in terms of their critical orientation than is usually supposed. The thesis concludes with a critical comparison of these thinkers, which argues that, although both succeed in their own terms, in relation to a criterion of self-consistency, Hegel's philosophy offers a more satisfactory treatment of the ontological and historical conditions of philosophical activity
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Julián Ferreyra (2012). Ideas, From Hegel to Deleuze. Comparative and Continental Philosophy 4 (1):93 - 104.
Henry Somers-Hall (2010). Hegel and Deleuze on the Metaphysical Interpretation of the Calculus. Continental Philosophy Review 42 (4):555-572.
Kane X. Faucher (2010). Critical Forces: True Critique or Mere Criticism of Deleuze Contra Hegel? Deleuze Studies 4 (3):329-355.
Henry Somers-Hall, Dialectics of Difference and Negation: The Responses of Deleuze and Hegel to Representation.
Levi R. Bryant (2008). Difference and Givenness: Deleuze's Transcendental Empiricism and the Ontology of Immanence. Northwestern University Press.
Simon B. Duffy (2006). The Differential Point of View of the Infinitesimal Calculus in Spinoza, Leibniz and Deleuze. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 37 (3):286-307.
Simon B. Duffy (2009). The Role of Mathematics in Deleuze's Critical Engagement with Hegel. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 17 (4):563 – 582.
James Williams (2010). Immanence and Transcendence as Inseparable Processes: On the Relevance of Arguments From Whitehead to Deleuze Interpretation. Deleuze Studies 4 (1):94-106.
Alistair Welchman (2009). Deleuze's Post-Critical Metaphysics. Symposium: The Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy 13 (2):25-54.
Jay Lampert (2013). Syllogism: Hegel, Deleuze, Hegel, and Deleuze. In Karen Houle, Jim Vernon & Jean-Clet Martin (eds.), Hegel and Deleuze: Together Again for the First Time. Northwestern University Press
Diane J. Beddoes, Breeding Demons: A Critical Enquiry Into the Relationship Between Kant and Deleuze with Specific References to Women.
Ashley Woodward (2013). Deleuze, Nietzsche, and the Overcoming of Nihilism. Continental Philosophy Review 46 (1):115-147.
Added to index2012-01-10
Total downloads14 ( #239,474 of 1,789,901 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #317,270 of 1,789,901 )
How can I increase my downloads?