Internal models and the construction of time: generalizing from state estimation to trajectory estimation to address temporal features of perception, including temporal illusions
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The question of whether time is its own best representation is explored. Though there is theoretical debate between proponents of internal models and embedded cognition proponents (e.g. Brooks R 1991 Artiﬁcial Intelligence 47 139–59) concerning whether the world is its own best model, proponents of internal models are often content to let time be its own best representation. This happens via the time update of the model that simply allows the model’s state to evolve along with the state of the modeled domain. I argue that this is neither necessary nor advisable. I show that this is not necessary by describing how internal modeling approaches can be generalized to schemes that explicitly represent time by maintaining trajectory estimates rather than state estimates. Though there are a variety of ways this could be done, I illustrate the proposal with a scheme that combines ﬁltering, smoothing and prediction to maintain an estimate of the modeled domain’s trajectory over time. I show that letting time be its own representation is not advisable by showing how trajectory estimation schemes can provide accounts of temporal illusions, such as apparent motion, that pose serious difﬁculties for any scheme that lets time be its own representation.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Christoph Hoerl (2012). Seeing Motion and Apparent Motion. European Journal of Philosophy:n/a-n/a.
Rick Grush (2007). Skill Theory V2.0: Dispositions, Emulation, and Spatial Perception. Synthese 159 (3):389 - 416.
Paula Droege (2009). Now or Never: How Consciousness Represents Time☆. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):78-90.
Ryosuke Soga, Rei Akaishi & Katsuyuki Sakai (2009). Predictive and Postdictive Mechanisms Jointly Contribute to Visual Awareness☆. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):578-592.
Similar books and articles
Joseph Glicksohn (2001). Temporal Cognition and the Phenomenology of Time: A Multiplicative Function for Apparent Duration. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (1):1-25.
Leonid Tchertov (2005). Spatial Semiosis and Time. Sign Systems Studies 33 (2):297-314.
Roman Frigg, Review of 'the Images of Time. An Essay on Temporal Representation' by Robin le Poidevin. [REVIEW]
Jill Boucher (1999). Time and the Implicit-Explicit Continuum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):758-759.
Ingunn Elstad & Kirsti Torjuul (2009). Continuity of Nursing and the Time of Sickness. Nursing Philosophy 10 (2):91-102.
Michal Klincewicz (2013). Time, Unity, and Conscious Experience. Dissertation, CUNY Graduate Center
Joeri Engelfriet & Jan Treur (2002). Linear, Branching Time and Joint Closure Semantics for Temporal Logic. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11 (4):389-425.
Liliana Albertazzi (1993). Brentano, Meinong and Husserl on Internal Time. Brentano Studien 3:89-110.
Sebastian Watzl (2013). Silencing the Experience of Change. Philosophical Studies 165 (3):1009-1032.
Holly Andersen (2013). The Representation of Time in Agency. In Adrian Bardon & Heather Dyke (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Philosophy of Time. Wiley-Blackwell.
Tony Roark (2011). Aristotle on Time: A Study of the Physics. Cambridge University Press.
Storrs McCall (1976). Objective Time Flow. Philosophy of Science 43 (3):337-362.
M. Oreste Fiocco (2007). Passage, Becoming and the Nature of Temporal Reality. Philosophia 35 (1):1-21.
Teresa McCormack & Christoph Hoerl (2008). Temporal Decentering and the Development of Temporal Concepts. In P. Indefrey & M. Gullberg (eds.), Time to Speak. Cognitive and Neural Prerequisites of Time in Language. Blackwell.
Katalin Farkas (2008). Time, Tense, Truth. Synthese 160 (2):269 - 284.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads13 ( #116,996 of 1,096,895 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #164,383 of 1,096,895 )
How can I increase my downloads?