David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Axiomathes 16 (3):245-386 (2006)
Mereological nihilism is the philosophical position that there are no items that have parts. If there are no items with parts then the only items that exist are partless fundamental particles, such as the true atoms (also called philosophical atoms) theorized to exist by some ancient philosophers, some contemporary physicists, and some contemporary philosophers. With several novel arguments I show that mereological nihilism is the correct theory of reality. I will also discuss strong similarities that mereological nihilism has with empirical results in quantum physics. And I will discuss how mereological nihilism vindicates a few other theories, such as a very specific theory of philosophical atomism, which I will call quantum abstract atomism. I will show that mereological nihilism also is an interpretation of quantum mechanics that avoids the problems of other interpretations, such as the widely known, metaphysically generated, quantum paradoxes of quantum physics, which ironically are typically accepted as facts about reality. I will also show why it is very surprising that mereological nihilism is not a widely held theory, and not the premier theory in philosophy.
|Keywords||Mereology Parts and wholes Composition Material constitution Relations Philosophy of physics Atomism Quantum theory Levels of reality Mereological nihilism Particles Democritus Indian Buddhism Quantum physics Interpretations of quantum mechanics: material constitution Wave-particle duality Quantum uncertainty Metaphysics Relational properties Strata Immaterialism Energy|
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References found in this work BETA
Jeffrey Brower (2001). Relations Without Polyadic Properties: Albert the Great on the Nature and Ontological Status of Relations. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 83 (3):225-257.
Michael B. Burke, Hugh S. Chandler Roderick M. Chisholm, Frederick C. Doepke, Peter T. Geach, Allan Gibbard, Mark Heller, Frances Howard-Snyder, Peter van Inwagen, Mark Johnston, David Lewis, George Myro, Terence Parsons, Ernest Sosa, JudithJarvis Thomson, Peter Unger & David Wiggins (1997). Material Constitution: A Reader. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Roberto Casati & Achille Varzi (1999). Parts and Places. The Mit Press.
David J. Chalmers (1995). Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness. Consciousness and Emotion in Cognitive Science: Conceptual and Empirical Issues 2 (3):200-19.
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