Mereological nihilism: Quantum atomism and the impossibility of material constitution [Book Review]

Axiomathes 16 (3):245-386 (2006)
Mereological nihilism is the philosophical position that there are no items that have parts. If there are no items with parts then the only items that exist are partless fundamental particles, such as the true atoms (also called philosophical atoms) theorized to exist by some ancient philosophers, some contemporary physicists, and some contemporary philosophers. With several novel arguments I show that mereological nihilism is the correct theory of reality. I will also discuss strong similarities that mereological nihilism has with empirical results in quantum physics. And I will discuss how mereological nihilism vindicates a few other theories, such as a very specific theory of philosophical atomism, which I will call quantum abstract atomism. I will show that mereological nihilism also is an interpretation of quantum mechanics that avoids the problems of other interpretations, such as the widely known, metaphysically generated, quantum paradoxes of quantum physics, which ironically are typically accepted as facts about reality. I will also show why it is very surprising that mereological nihilism is not a widely held theory, and not the premier theory in philosophy.
Keywords Mereology  Parts and wholes  Composition  Material constitution  Relations  Philosophy of physics  Atomism  Quantum theory  Levels of reality  Mereological nihilism  Particles  Democritus  Indian Buddhism  Quantum physics  Interpretations of quantum mechanics: material constitution  Wave-particle duality  Quantum uncertainty  Metaphysics  Relational properties  Strata  Immaterialism  Energy
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    David J. Chalmers (1995). Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness. Consciousness and Emotion in Cognitive Science: Conceptual and Empirical Issues 2 (3):200-19.

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