David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Philosophical Research 28:1-22 (2003)
Descartes and al-Ghazâlî were led to inquire into the nature of certainty by their experiences of a fragmented world into which they were nurtured. Though theylived five hundred years apart, their searches were similar, to the extent that some have asked whether Descartes was more indebted to al-Ghazâlî than he would have been willing to admit. But despite striking similarities there are significant differences. Descartes found certainty in any experience or concept that overwhelmed him by its clarity and distinctness. Such certainty was achieved in intuition, which is a direct, experiential knowing. God guarantees thatwe shall not be deceived in this. On the other hand, al-Ghazâlî found certainty in a direct experience (dhawq) of God in whom all knowledge resides. For Descartes, God was an outside guarantor; for al-Ghazâlî, God was the very truth experienced inwardly in such a way that it could not be doubted
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Tamara Albertini (2005). Crisis and Certainty of Knowledge in Al-Ghazali (1058-1111) and Descartes (1596-1650). Philosophy East and West 55 (1):1-14.
William Adams Brown (1930). Pathways to Certainty. London, C. Scribner's Sons.
Norman Malcolm (1988). Wittgenstein's Scepticism' in on Certainty. Inquiry 31 (3):277 – 293.
Nathan Andersen (2010). The Certainty of Sense-Certainty. Idealistic Studies 40 (3):215-234.
Rod Bertolet (1987). Klein on Relative Certainty. Philosophy Research Archives 13:271-274.
Tarja-Liisa Luukkanen (1993). In Quest of Certainty: Axel Fredrik Granfelt's Theological Epistemology. Luther-Agricola-Gesellschaft.
Elly Vintiadis (2006). Why Certainty is Not a Mansion. Journal of Philosophical Research 31:143-152.
Steven D. Hales (1994). Certainty and Phenomenal States. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):57-72.
Joseph K. Cosgrove (2004). Cartesian Certainty and the Infinity of the Will. History of Philosophy Quarterly 21 (4):377 - 396.
Dale Jacquette (1996). Descartes' Lumen Naturale and the Cartesian Circle. Philosophy and Theology 9 (3-4):273-320.
Nigel Pleasants (2009). Wittgenstein and Basic Moral Certainty. Philosophia 37 (4):669-679.
Michael Della Rocca (2005). Descartes, the Cartesian Circle, and Epistemology Without God. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (1):1–33.
Michael Della Rocca (2005). Descartes, the Cartesian Circle, and Epistemology Without God. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (1):1-33.
Robert Greenleaf Brice (2013). Mistakes and Mental Disturbances: Pleasants, Wittgenstein, and Basic Moral Certainty. Philosophia 41 (2):477-487.
Herbert Heidelberger (1963). Knowledge, Certainty and Probability. Inquiry 6 (1-4):242 – 250.
Added to index2011-12-02
Total downloads4 ( #198,645 of 1,089,155 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,735 of 1,089,155 )
How can I increase my downloads?