Experimental Localism and External Validity

Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1195-1205 (2003)
Experimental ‘localism’ stresses the importance of context-specific knowledge, and the limitations of universal theories in science. I illustrate Latour’s radical approach to localism and show that it has some unpalatable consequences, in particular the suggestion that problems of external validity (or how to generalise experimental results to non-laboratory circumstances) cannot be solved. In the last part of the paper I try to sketch a solution to the problem of external validity by extending Mayo’s error-probabilistic approach.
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DOI 10.1086/377400
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Wendy S. Parker (2008). Franklin, Holmes, and the Epistemology of Computer Simulation. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (2):165 – 183.

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