Embodied subjects and fragmented objects: Women's bodies, assisted reproduction technologies and the right to self-determination
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (4):239-249 (2008)
This article focuses on the transformation of the female reproductive body with the use of assisted reproduction technologies under neo-liberal economic globalisation, wherein the ideology of trade without borders is central, as well as under liberal feminist ideals, wherein the right to self-determination is central. Two aspects of the body in western medicine—the fragmented body and the commodified body, and the integral relation between these two—are highlighted. This is done in order to analyse the implications of local and global transactions in women’s reproductive body parts for their right to self-determination and individual agency and what this means for their embodiment. We conclude by exploring whether women can become embodied subjects by exercising their proprietary right to their bodies through directing technology to achieve their own goals, while at the same time being fragmented into parts and losing their personhood and bodily integrity.
|Keywords||Bioethics Gender studies Women’s bodies Assisted reproduction technologies Self-determination|
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References found in this work BETA
Margrit Shildrick (1997). Leaky Bodies and Boundaries: Feminism, Postmodernism and (Bio)Ethics. Routledge.
Nancy Scheper-Hughes (2001). Commodity Fetishism in Organs Trafficking. Body and Society 7 (2-3):31-62.
Donna Dickenson (1999). [Book Review] Property, Women, and Politics, Subjects or Objects? [REVIEW] Ethics 109 (4):899-902.
Margaret Lock (2001). The Alienation of Body Tissue and the Biopolitics of Immortalized Cell Lines. Body and Society 7 (2-3):63-91.
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Citations of this work BETA
Jyotsna Agnihotri Gupta (2012). Reproductive Biocrossings: Indian Egg Donors and Surrogates in the Globalized Fertility Market. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):25-51.
Malene Tanderup, Sunita Reddy, Tulsi Patel & Birgitte Bruun Nielsen (2015). Reproductive Ethics in Commercial Surrogacy: Decision-Making in IVF Clinics in New Delhi, India. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (3):491-501.
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