David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):543-559 (2004)
The transfer of food among group members is a ubiquitous feature of small-scale forager and forager-agricultural populations. The uniqueness of pervasive sharing among humans, especially among unrelated individuals, has led researchers to evaluate numerous hypotheses about the adaptive functions and patterns of sharing in different ecologies. This article attempts to organize available cross-cultural evidence pertaining to several contentious evolutionary models: kin selection, reciprocal altruism, tolerated scrounging, and costly signaling. Debates about the relevance of these models focus primarily on the extent to which individuals exert control over the distribution of foods they acquire, and the extent to which donors receive food or other fitness-enhancing benefits in return for shares given away. Each model can explain some of the variance in sharing patterns within groups, and so generalizations that ignore or deny the importance of any one model may be misleading. Careful multivariate analyses and cross-cultural comparisons of food transfer patterns are therefore necessary tools for assessing aspects of the sexual division of labor, human life history evolution, and the evolution of the family. This article also introduces a framework for better understanding variation in sharing behavior across small-scale traditional societies. I discuss the importance of resource ecology and the degree of coordination in acquisition activities as a key feature that influences sharing behavior. Key Words: behavioral ecology; cooperation; costly signaling; food sharing; foragers; reciprocal altruism.
|Keywords||behavioral ecology cooperation costly signaling food sharing foragers reciprocal altruism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Catherine Driscoll (2012). Evolution and the Loss of Hierarchies: Dubreuil's “Human Evolution and the Origin of Hierarchies: The State of Nature”. Biology and Philosophy 27 (1):125-135.
Catherine Driscoll (2009). Grandmothers, Hunters and Human Life History. Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):665-686.
Ulrich J. Frey & Hannes Rusch (2012). An Evolutionary Perspective on the Long-Term Efficiency of Costly Punishment. Biology and Philosophy 27 (6):811-831.
Kim Sterelny (2014). A Paleolithic Reciprocation Crisis: Symbols, Signals, and Norms. Biological Theory 9 (1):65-77.
Kim Sterelny (2011). Civilizing Cooperation: Paul Seabright and the Company of Strangers. Biological Theory 6 (2):120-126.
Similar books and articles
Raymond Hames (2004). The Purpose of Exchange Helps Shape the Mode of Exchange. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):564-565.
Jim Moore (2004). The History of Human Food Transfers: Tinbergen's Other Question. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):566-567.
Michael Gurven (2004). Tolerated Reciprocity, Reciprocal Scrounging, and Unrelated Kin: MaKing Sense of Multiple Models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):572-579.
Margaret Franzen (2004). Key Variables in Tests of Food Sharing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):563-563.
Gillian R. Brown (2004). Tolerated Scrounging in Nonhuman Primates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):562-563.
John Ziker (2004). Nonmarket Cooperation in the Indigenous Food Economy of Taimyr, Arctic Russia: Evidence for Control and Benefit. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):571-571.
Jeffrey R. Stevens & Fiery A. Cushman (2004). Cognitive Constraints on Reciprocity and Tolerated Scrounging. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):569-570.
Richard Sosis (2004). Insights From Ifaluk: Food Sharing Among Cooperative Fishers. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):568-569.
Amotz Zahavi (2004). The Details of Food-Sharing Interactions – Their Cost in Social Prestige. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):570-571.
Thomas Getty (2004). A Kind Man Benefits Himself – but How? Evolutionary Models of Human Food Sharing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):563-564.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads12 ( #130,321 of 1,102,968 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #297,509 of 1,102,968 )
How can I increase my downloads?