Mind and Society 1 (1):73-93 (2000)
|Abstract||Language pragmatics is applied to analyse problem statements and instructions used in a few influential experimental tasks in the psychology of reasoning. This analysis aims to determine the interpretation of the task which the participant is likely to construct. It is applied to studies of deduction (where the interpretation of quantifiers and connectives is crucial) and to studies of inclusion judgment and probabilistic judgment. It is shown that the interpretation of the problem statements or even the representation of the task as a whole often turn out to differ from the experimenter's assumptions. This has serious consequences for the validity of these experimental results and therefore for the claims about human irrationality based on them|
|Keywords||pragmatics - reasoning - deduction - conditional reasoning - judgment - probabilistic reasoning|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Jonathan Eric Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.) (2008). Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations. Cambridge University Press.
Maxwell J. Roberts (2000). Strategies in Relational Inference. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (1):1 – 26.
A. J. B. Fugard, Niki Pfeifer & B. Mayerhofer (2011). Probabilistic Theories of Reasoning Need Pragmatics Too: Modulating Relevance in Uncertain Conditionals. Journal of Pragmatics 43:2034–2042.
Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter (2011). Uncertain Deductive Reasoning. In K. Manktelow, D. E. Over & S. Elqayam (eds.), The Science of Reason: A Festschrift for Jonathan St B.T. Evans. Psychology Press.
M. Dascal (1992). Why Does Language Matter to Artificial Intelligence? Minds and Machines 2 (2):145-174.
Guy Politzer (2005). Uncertainty and the Suppression of Inferences. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (1):5 – 33.
Napoleon Katsos (2008). The Semantics/Pragmatics Interface From an Experimental Perspective: The Case of Scalar Implicature. Synthese 165 (3):385 - 401.
Carole J. Lee (2006). Gricean Charity: The Gricean Turn in Psychology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (2):193-218.
Bart Geurts (2003). Reasoning with Quantifiers. Cognition 86 (3):223--251.
Kepa Korta & John Perry (2008). The Pragmatic Circle. Synthese 165 (3):347 - 357.
Added to index2010-08-10
Total downloads4 ( #188,769 of 722,742 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?