David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Mind and Society 1 (1):73-93 (2000)
Language pragmatics is applied to analyse problem statements and instructions used in a few influential experimental tasks in the psychology of reasoning. This analysis aims to determine the interpretation of the task which the participant is likely to construct. It is applied to studies of deduction (where the interpretation of quantifiers and connectives is crucial) and to studies of inclusion judgment and probabilistic judgment. It is shown that the interpretation of the problem statements or even the representation of the task as a whole often turn out to differ from the experimenter's assumptions. This has serious consequences for the validity of these experimental results and therefore for the claims about human irrationality based on them
|Keywords||pragmatics - reasoning - deduction - conditional reasoning - judgment - probabilistic reasoning|
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Citations of this work BETA
Jean Baratgin & Guy Politzer (2007). The Psychology of Dynamic Probability Judgment: Order Effect, Normative Theories, and Experimental Methodology. Mind and Society 6 (1):53-66.
Maria Bagassi & Laura Macchi (2007). The “Vanishing” of the Disjunction Effect by Sensible Procrastination. Mind and Society 6 (1):41-52.
Guy Politzer, Jean‐Baptiste Henst, Claire Delle Luche & Ira A. Noveck (2006). The Interpretation of Classically Quantified Sentences: A Set‐Theoretic Approach. Cognitive Science 30 (4):691-723.
Jean-Baptiste Henst (2006). Symposium on “Cognition and Rationality: Part I” Relevance Effects in Reasoning. Mind and Society 5 (2):229-245.
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