Reframing the Ethical Issues in Part-Human Animal Research: The Unbearable Ontology of Inexorable Moral Confusion
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):17-25 (2012)
Research that involves the creation of animals with human-derived parts opens the door to potentially valuable scientific and therapeutic advances, yet invokes unsettling moral questions. Critics and champions alike stand to gain from clear identification and careful consideration of the strongest ethical objections to this research. A prevailing objection argues that crossing the human/nonhuman species boundary introduces inexorable moral confusion (IMC) that warrants a restriction to this research on precautionary grounds. Though this objection may capture the intuitions of many who find this research unsettling, it relies on mistaken views of both biology and moral standing, ultimately distorting the morally relevant facts. We critically examine IMC, identify mistaken essentialist assumptions, and reframe ethical concerns. The upshot is a stronger line of objection that encourages a more inclusive and productive ethical discourse
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Peter Singer (ed.) (1990). Animal Liberation. Avon Books.
Michael T. Ghiselin (1974). A Radical Solution to the Species Problem. Systematic Zoology 23:536-44.
Richard Boyd (1999). Homeostasis, Species, and Higher Taxa. In R. A. Wilson (ed.), Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. MIT Press 141-85.
Michael Devitt (2008). Resurrecting Biological Essentialism. Philosophy of Science 75 (3):344-382.
Jason Scott Robert & Françoise Baylis (2003). Crossing Species Boundaries. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):1 – 13.
Citations of this work BETA
Monika Piotrowska (2014). Transferring Morality to Human–Nonhuman Chimeras. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):4-12.
Sarah Chan (2014). Hidden Anthropocentrism and the “Benefit of the Doubt”: Problems With the “Origins” Approach to Moral Status. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):18-20.
Monika Piotrowska (2012). Who Are My Parents? Why Assigning Moral Categories to Genealogical Relations Leads to More Confusion. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):28-30.
Melinda Abelman, P. Pearl O'Rourke & Kai C. Sonntag (2012). Part-Human Animal Research: The Imperative to Move Beyond a Philosophical Debate. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):26-28.
Jason T. Eberl (2012). Ontological Kinds Versus Biological Species. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):32-34.
Similar books and articles
Bernard E. Rollin (2006). Science and Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
Donald A. Saucier & Mary E. Cain (2006). The Foundations of Attitudes About Animal Research. Ethics and Behavior 16 (2):117 – 133.
Brian Schrag (2004). Commentary on “the Gladiator Sparrow: Ethical Issues in Behavioral Research on Captive Populations of Wild Animals”. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):726-730.
Bryan Benham & Matt Haber (2008). Moral Confusion and Developmental Essentialism in Part-Human Hybrid Research. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):42 – 44.
Francine L. Dolins (ed.) (1999). Attitudes to Animals: Views in Animal Welfare. Cambridge University Press.
Adil E. Shamoo (2009). Responsible Conduct of Research. Oxford University Press.
James V. Lavery (ed.) (2007). Ethical Issues in International Biomedical Research: A Casebook. Oxford University Press.
Hope Ferdowsian (2011). Human and Animal Research Guidelines: Aligning Ethical Constructs with New Scientific Developments. Bioethics 25 (8):472-478.
Christopher Tollefsen (2008). Biomedical Research and Beyond: Expanding the Ethics of Inquiry. Routledge.
Richard Twine (2010). Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability, and Critical Animal Studies. Earthscan.
Andrew Fenton (2012). On the Need to Redress an Inadequacy in Animal Welfare Science: Toward an Internally Coherent Framework. Biology and Philosophy 27 (1):73-93.
Phillip Karpowicz, Cynthia B. Cohen & Derek J. Van der Kooy (2005). Developing Human-Nonhuman Chimeras in Human Stem Cell Research: Ethical Issues and Boundaries. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (2):107-134.
Brian Schrag (2009). Piercing the Veil: Ethical Issues in Ethnographic Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (2):135-160.
Added to index2012-08-11
Total downloads9 ( #246,566 of 1,725,873 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #210,637 of 1,725,873 )
How can I increase my downloads?