David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Metaphilosophy 41 (4):464-480 (2010)
Abstract: Human rights developed in response to specific violations of human dignity, and can therefore be conceived as specifications of human dignity, their moral source. This internal relationship explains the moral content and moreover the distinguishing feature of human rights: they are designed for an effective implementation of the core moral values of an egalitarian universalism in terms of coercive law. This essay is an attempt to explain this moral-legal Janus face of human rights through the mediating role of the concept of human dignity. This concept is due to a remarkable generalization of the particularistic meanings of those "dignities" that once were attached to specific honorific functions and memberships. In spite of its abstract meaning, "human dignity" still retains from its particularistic precursor concepts the connotation of depending on the social recognition of a status—in this case, the status of democratic citizenship. Only membership in a constitutional political community can protect, by granting equal rights, the equal human dignity of everybody.
|Keywords||Kant human rights collective civil rights individual conceptual connection morality liberal rights legal duty legal concept human dignity|
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References found in this work BETA
Kenneth Baynes (2009). Toward a Political Conception of Human Rights. Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (4):371-390.
Kenneth Baynes (2009). Discourse Ethics and the Political Conception of Human Rights. Ethics and Global Politics 2 (1).
Immanuel Kant (1785/2002). Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. Oxford University Press.
Immanuel Kant (2007). Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. In Elizabeth Schmidt Radcliffe, Richard McCarty, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Late Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub. Ltd..
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Citations of this work BETA
John J. Davenport (2011). Just War Theory, Humanitarian Intervention, and the Need for a Democratic Federation. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (3):493-555.
Jaakko Kuosmanen (2013). What (If Anything) Is Wrong with Trading Refugee Quotas? Res Publica 19 (2):103-119.
Varun Gauri & Daniel M. Brinks (2012). Human Rights as Demands for Communicative Action. Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (4):407-431.
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