Perception, knowledge and freedom in the age of extremes: on the historical epistemology of Ludwik Fleck and Michael Polanyi [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):107-120 (2012)
This paper deals with Ludwik Fleck’s theory of thought styles and Michael Polanyi’s theory of tacit knowledge. Though both concepts have been very influential for science studies in general, and both have been subject to numerous interpretations, their accounts have, somewhat surprisingly, hardly been comparatively analyzed. Both Fleck and Polanyi relied on the physiology and psychology of the senses in order to show that scientific knowledge follows less the path of logical principles than the path of accepting or rejecting specific conventions, where these may be psychologically or sociologically grounded. It is my aim to show that similarities and differences between Fleck and Polanyi are to be seen in the specific historical and political context in which they worked. Both authors, I shall argue, emphasized the relevance of perception in close connection to their respective understanding of science, freedom, and democracy
|Keywords||Ludwik Fleck Michael Polanyi Perception Gestalt psychology Democracy|
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References found in this work BETA
Rudolf Carnap (1928). Der Logische Aufbau der Welt. Meiner Verlag.
H. M. Collins (1985/1992). Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice. University of Chicago Press.
Struan Jacobs & Phil Mullins (2008). Faith, Tradition, and Dynamic Order: Michael Polanyi's Liberal Thought From 1941 to 1951. History of European Ideas 34 (1):120-131.
Thomas S. Kuhn (1970). A Response to My Critics. In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press.
Ilana Löwy (2008). Ways of Seeing: Ludwik Fleck and Polish Debates on the Perception of Reality, 1890–1947. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (3):375-383.
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