Perception, knowledge and freedom in the age of extremes: on the historical epistemology of Ludwik Fleck and Michael Polanyi [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):107-120 (2012)
This paper deals with Ludwik Fleck’s theory of thought styles and Michael Polanyi’s theory of tacit knowledge. Though both concepts have been very influential for science studies in general, and both have been subject to numerous interpretations, their accounts have, somewhat surprisingly, hardly been comparatively analyzed. Both Fleck and Polanyi relied on the physiology and psychology of the senses in order to show that scientific knowledge follows less the path of logical principles than the path of accepting or rejecting specific conventions, where these may be psychologically or sociologically grounded. It is my aim to show that similarities and differences between Fleck and Polanyi are to be seen in the specific historical and political context in which they worked. Both authors, I shall argue, emphasized the relevance of perception in close connection to their respective understanding of science, freedom, and democracy
|Keywords||Ludwik Fleck Michael Polanyi Perception Gestalt psychology Democracy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Rudolf Carnap (1928). Der Logische Aufbau der Welt. Meiner Verlag.
H. M. Collins (1985/1992). Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice. University of Chicago Press.
Struan Jacobs & Phil Mullins (2008). Faith, Tradition, and Dynamic Order: Michael Polanyi's Liberal Thought From 1941 to 1951. History of European Ideas 34 (1):120-131.
Thomas S. Kuhn (1970). A Response to My Critics. In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press.
Ilana Löwy (2008). Ways of Seeing: Ludwik Fleck and Polish Debates on the Perception of Reality, 1890–1947. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (3):375-383.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Nicola Mößner (2011). Thought Styles and Paradigms—a Comparative Study of Ludwik Fleck and Thomas S. Kuhn. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):362–371.
Sofia Siwecka (2011). Genesis and Development of the “Medical Fact”. Thought Style and Scientific Evidence in the Epistemology of Ludwik Fleck. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 4 (2):37-39.
Claus Zittel (2012). Ludwik Fleck and the Concept of Style in the Natural Sciences. Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):53-79.
Stig Brorson (2000). Ludwik Fleck on Proto-Ideas in Medicine. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (2):147-152.
Frank H. Knight (1949). Virtue and Knowledge: The View of Professor Polanyi:Science, Faith and Society. Michael Polanyi; The Foundations of Academic Freedom. Michael Polanyi. Ethics 59 (4):271-.
Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1981). World 5 and Medical Knowledge. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (3):263-270.
Robert S. Cohen & Thomas Schnelle (1986). Cognition and Fact. Materials on Ludwik Fleck. D. Reidel Publishing Company.
David Stump (1988). The Role of Skill in Experimentation: Reading Ludwik Fleck's Study of the Wasserman Reaction as an Example of Ian Hacking's Experimental Realism. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:302 - 308.
Alexander Peine (2011). Challenging Incommensurability: What We Can Learn From Ludwik Fleck for the Analysis of Configurational Innovation. Minerva 49 (4):489-508.
Eva Hedfors (2006). The Reading of Ludwik Fleck: Questions of Sources and Impetus. Social Epistemology 20 (2):131 – 161.
Thaddeus J. Trenn (1981). Ludwik Fleck's 'on the Question of the Foundations of Medical Knowledge'. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (3):237-256.
Stig Brorson & Hanne Andersen (2001). Stabilizing and Changing Phenomenal Worlds: Ludwik Fleck and Thomas Kuhn on Scientific Literature. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 32 (1):109-129.
Markus Seidel (2011). Relativism or Relationism? A Mannheimian Interpretation of Fleck's Claims About Relativism. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 42 (2):219-240.
Phil Mullins & Struan Jacobs (2005). Michael Polanyi and Karl Mannheim. Tradition and Discovery 32 (1):20-43.
Michael Polanyi (1958). Personal Knowledge. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
Added to index2012-03-21
Total downloads22 ( #78,302 of 1,101,623 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #81,941 of 1,101,623 )
How can I increase my downloads?