David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Asian Philosophy 20 (1):1 – 25 (2010)
In the philosophy of Confucius, the concept _li_ is both central and elusive. While it is often translated 'ritual' or 'the rites,' I argue that there are numerous significant ways in which _li_ is as much an internal property of individuals as it is an external set of rules or norms. I discuss _li_ as deference, as developed dispositions, as embodied intelligence, and as personalized exemplary conduct. Finally, reflecting on the work of Fingarette, and Hall and Ames, as well as Wilson's analysis of their work, I argue that the external _aspect_ of _li_, although reasonably understood under the rubric of 'traditional norms,' may nonetheless legitimately evolve, and that this coheres well with the notion that an internal sense-of-ritual is integral to the meaning of _li_
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References found in this work BETA
Roger T. Ames & Henry Rosemont, Jr (1999). The Analects of Confucius: A Philosophical Translation. Ballantine.
Jingpan Chen (1990). Confucius as a Teacher: Philosophy of Confucius with Special Reference to its Educational Implications. Foreign Languages Press.
A. S. Cua (1979). Dimensions of Li (Propriety): Reflections on an Aspect of Hsün Tzu's Ethics. Philosophy East and West 29 (4):373-394.
Herbert Fingarette (1972). Confucius--The Secular as Sacred. New York,Harper & Row.
Nicholas F. Gier (2001). The Dancing. Philosophy East and West 51 (2):280-305.
Citations of this work BETA
Charlene Tan (forthcoming). Beyond Rote-Memorisation: Confucius' Concept of Thinking. Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-12.
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