David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (3):303-324 (2012)
The paper considers how Mahatma Gandhi?s Law of Ahimsa (or non-violence) can be reconciled with the necessity of violence; some of the strategies that Gandhi adopts in response to this problem are critically examined. Gandhi was willing to use (outward) violence as an expedience (in the sense of necessity), but he was opposed to using non-violence as an expedience. There are two versions of Gandhi?s doctrine. He makes a distinction between outward violence and inner violence. Both versions grant that outward violence is often necessary and must be administered with compassion. On the more demanding version, outward version is never justified, not even when it is necessary; it is at best excused or pardoned. On the less demanding version, outward violence under certain conditions is justified.
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References found in this work BETA
Bhikhu Parekh, Anthony Parel, Vinit Haksar, Richard L. Johnson, Nicholas F. Gier, Fred Dallmayr, Joseph Prabhu, Naresh Dadhich, Makarand Paranjape, Margaret Chatterjee & M. V. Naidu (2008). The Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi for the Twenty-First Century. Lexington Books.
Vinit Haksar (2011). Necessary Evil: Justification, Excuse or Pardon? [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 5 (3):333-347.
Mahatma Gandhi (2005). All Men Are Brothers. Continuum.
Vinit Haksar (2010). Ideals of Living (Perfectionism). In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. Routledge
H. J. N. Horsburgh (1969). Non-Violence and Aggression. Philosophy East and West 19 (4):463-464.
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