Causes and explanations: A structural-model approach. Part I: Causes

Abstract
Department of Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA judea{at}cs.ucla.edu' + u + '@' + d + ''//--> We propose a new definition of actual causes, using structural equations to model counterfactuals. We show that the definition yields a plausible and elegant account of causation that handles well examples which have caused problems for other definitions and resolves major difficulties in the traditional account. Introduction Causal models: a review 2.1 Causal models 2.2 Syntax and semantics The definition of cause Examples A more refined definition Discussion AAppendix: Some Technical Issues A.1 The active causal process A.2 A closer look at AC2(b) A.3 Causality with infinitely many variables A.4 Causality in nonrecursive models.
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DOI 10.1093/bjps/axi147
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N. Hall (2007). Structural Equations and Causation. Philosophical Studies 132 (1):109 - 136.
Joseph Y. Halpern & Christopher Hitchcock (2015). Graded Causation and Defaults. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (2):413-457.

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