Consequentialist Foundations for Expected Utility

Theory and Decision 25 (1):25-78 (1988)
Abstract
Behaviour norms are considered for decision trees which allow both objective probabilities and uncertain states of the world with unknown probabilities. Terminal nodes have consequences in a given domain. Behaviour is required to be consistent in subtrees. Consequentialist behaviour, by definition, reveals a consequence choice function independent of the structure of the decision tree. It implies that behaviour reveals a revealed preference ordering satisfying both the independence axiom and a novel form of sure-thing principle. Continuous consequentialist behaviour must be expected utility maximizing. Other plausible assumptions then imply additive utilities, subjective probabilities, and Bayes' rule
Keywords Expected utility  subjective probability  decision trees  Bayes' rule  consequentialist behaviour
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Allan Gibbard (2006). Reply to Critics. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (3):729 - 744.
Michael McDermott (2008). Are Plans Necessary? Philosophical Studies 138 (2):225 - 232.

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