Forensic cultures in historical perspective: Technologies of witness, testimony, judgment (and justice?)
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 44 (1):4-15 (2013)
This article explores the history of forensic science in terms of ideologies and institutions rather than developing technique. It presents an analytical framework for characterizing forensic institutions and practices, past and present. That framework highlights the distinct issues of means of witness, accredited testimony, and the reaching of juridical decisions. The article applies the framework by comparing four forensic ‘formations,’ which have been prominent at various times and places in the western world from the early modern period onward: these are the central European heritage of the Caroline code, a Eugenically-oriented forensic enterprise of late nineteenth-century America, the forensic perspective in nineteenth-century British India, and the representation of forensic certainty in contemporary American popular culture. The article concludes with a critique of what seems an increasingly common expectation: that forensic science evolves independently of legal institutions, and can ultimately displace them
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Silvia De Renzi (2002). Witnesses of the Body: Medico-Legal Cases in Seventeenth-Century Rome. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (2):219-242.
Rose-Mary Sargent (1989). Scientific Experiment and Legal Expertise: The Way of Experience in Seventeenth-Century England. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (1):19-45.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Douglas N. Walton (2008). Witness Testimony Evidence: Argumentation, Artificial Intelligence, and Law. Cambridge University Press.
Rodolphe Calin (2005). The Exception of Testimony. Levinas Studies 1:73-97.
C. Barbour (2011). The Acts of Faith: On Witnessing in Derrida and Arendt. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (6):629-645.
Nick Jardine (2008). Explanatory Genealogies and Historical Testimony. Episteme 5 (2):pp. 160-179.
Benjamin C. Jantzen (2009). Peirce on the Method of Balancing 'Likelihoods'. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (4):pp. 668-688.
David Owen (1987). Hume Versus Price on Miracles and Prior Probabilities: Testimony and the Bayesian Calculation. Philosophical Quarterly 37 (147):187-202.
Jeffrey E. Pfeifer & John C. Brigham (1993). Ethical Concerns of Nonclinical Forensic Witnesses and Consultants. Ethics and Behavior 3 (3 & 4):329 – 343.
Paul Roberts (2013). Renegotiating Forensic Cultures: Between Law, Science and Criminal Justice. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 44 (1):47-59.
Robert Henley Woody (2009). Ethical Considerations of Multiple Roles in Forensic Services. Ethics and Behavior 19 (1):79 – 87.
Antoni Diller (2008). Testimony From a Popperian Perspective. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (4):419-456.
Leondard J. Haas (1993). Competence and Quality in the Performance of Forensic Psychologists. Ethics and Behavior 3 (3 & 4):251 – 266.
Aaron Meskin (2004). Aesthetic Testimony: What Can We Learn From Others About Beauty and Art? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (1):65–91.
Jonathan Sinclair Carey (1987). Empathy and the Expert Witness. Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics 8 (1):19-25.
David Luban (2006). Jon Elster, Closing the Books: Transitional Justice in Historical Perspective:Closing the Books: Transitional Justice in Historical Perspective. Ethics 116 (2):409-412.
Added to index2012-10-04
Total downloads4 ( #371,393 of 1,696,808 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #346,744 of 1,696,808 )
How can I increase my downloads?