David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethics and Information Technology 11 (1):91-99 (2009)
The growing prominence of computers in contemporary life, often seemingly with minds of their own, invites rethinking the question of moral responsibility. If the moral responsibility for an act lies with the subject that carried it out, it follows that different concepts of the subject generate different views of moral responsibility. Some recent theorists have argued that actions are produced by composite, fluid subjects understood as extended agencies (cyborgs, actor networks). This view of the subject contrasts with methodological individualism: the idea that actions are produced only by human individuals. This essay compares two views of responsibility: moral individualism (the ethical twin of methodological individualism), and joint responsibility (associated with extended agency theory). It develops a view of what joint responsibility might look like, and considers the advantages it might bring relative to moral individualism as well as the objections that are sure to be raised against it.
|Keywords||Actor-network Cyborg Deserts Extended agency Freedom Methodological individualism Moral responsibility Responsibility of computers|
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References found in this work BETA
Roger T. Ames & Henry Rosemont, Jr (1999). The Analects of Confucius: A Philosophical Translation. Ballantine.
Kari Gwen Coleman, Computing and Moral Responsibility. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Daniel C. Dennett (1997). Did Hal Committ Murder? In D. Stork (ed.), Hal's Legacy: 2001's Computer As Dream and Reality. MIT Press.
Charles Ess (2006). Ethical Pluralism and Global Information Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):215-226.
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