David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (2):145 - 157 (2007)
Moral theory has mostly focused on idealized situations in which the morally relevant properties of human actions can be known beforehand. Here, a framework is proposed that is intended to sharpen moral intuitions and improve moral argumentation in problems involving risk and uncertainty. Guidelines are proposed for a systematic search of suitable future viewpoints for hypothetical retrospection. In hypothetical retrospection, a decision is evaluated under the assumption that one of the branches of possible future developments has materialized. This evaluation is based on the deliberator’s present values, and each decision is judged in relation to the information available when it was taken. The basic decision rule is to choose an alternative that comes out as morally acceptable (permissible) from all hypothetical retrospections.
|Keywords||hypothetical retrospection regret retrospection risk uncertainty expected utility prudence|
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References found in this work BETA
Thomas Nagel (1986). The View From Nowhere. Oxford University Press.
Richard Jeffrey (1983). The Logic of Decision. University of Chicago Press.
B. A. O. Williams & T. Nagel (1976). Moral Luck. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 50 (226):115 - 151.
Sven Ove Hansson (2003). Ethical Criteria of Risk Acceptance. Erkenntnis 59 (3):291 - 309.
Citations of this work BETA
Marion Godman (2008). But is It Unique to Nanotechnology? Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):391-403.
Karim Jebari & Sven-Ove Hansson (2013). European Public Deliberation on Brain Machine Interface Technology: Five Convergence Seminars. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1071-1086.
Sven Hansson (2011). Coping with the Unpredictable Effects of Future Technologies. Philosophy and Technology 24 (2):137-149.
Marion Godman & Sven Ove Hansson (2009). European Public Advice on Nanobiotechnology—Four Convergence Seminars. NanoEthics 3 (1):43-59.
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