David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Semantics 25 (4):345-380 (2008)
In this paper, we examine two main approaches to the syntax and semantics of it-clefts as in ‘It was Ohno who won’: an expletive approach where the cleft pronoun is an expletive and the cleft clause bears a direct syntactic or semantic relation to the clefted constituent, and a discontinuous constituent approach where the cleft pronoun has a semantic content and the cleft clause bears a direct syntactic or semantic relation to the cleft pronoun. We argue for an analysis using Tree Adjoining Grammar (TAG) that captures the best of both approaches. We use Tree-Local Multi-Component Tree Adjoining Grammar to propose a syntax of it-clefts and Synchronous Tree Adjoining Grammar (STAG) to define a compositional semantics on the proposed syntax. It will be shown that the distinction TAG makes between the derivation tree and the derived tree, the extended domain of locality characterizing TAG and the direct syntax–semantics mapping characterizing STAG allow for a simple and straightforward account of the syntax and semantics of it-clefts, capturing the insights and arguments of both the expletive and the discontinuous constituent approaches. Our analysis reduces the syntax and semantics of it-clefts to copular sentences containing definite description subjects, such as ‘The person that won is Ohno’. We show that this is a welcome result, as evidenced by the syntactic and semantic similarities between it-clefts and the corresponding copular sentences
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Matthew Reeve (2012). Clefts and Their Relatives. John Benjamins Pub. Co..
Lucas Champollion (2011). Lexicalized Non-Local MCTAG with Dominance Links is NP-Complete. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 20 (3):343-359.
Stephan Kepser & Jim Rogers (2011). The Equivalence of Tree Adjoining Grammars and Monadic Linear Context-Free Tree Grammars. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 20 (3):361-384.
Katherine Forbes, Eleni Miltsakaki, Rashmi Prasad, Anoop Sarkar, Aravind Joshi & Bonnie Webber (2003). D-LTAG System: Discourse Parsing with a Lexicalized Tree-Adjoining Grammar. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (3):261-279.
Pieter A. M. Seuren (1996). Semantic Syntax. Blackwell.
J. E. Miller (1985). Semantics and Syntax: Parallels and Connections. Cambridge University Press.
G. David Morley (2000). Syntax in Functional Grammar: An Introduction to Lexicogrammar in Systemic Linguistics. Continuum.
Arnim von Stechow (2012). Syntax and Semantics: An Overview. In Klaus von Heusinger, Claudia Maienborn & Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning. De Gruyter Mouton.
Added to index2010-09-14
Total downloads11 ( #138,606 of 1,102,837 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #29,592 of 1,102,837 )
How can I increase my downloads?