David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Asian Philosophy 15 (3):247 – 264 (2005)
This paper questions the nature and existence of the ego and I from a Western and Eastern viewpoint, which has been a question for 2,500 years when the Buddha rejected the Brahman idea of ātman. The answer for an ego depends partly on the state of consciousness; the existence of the Western objectifying ego is undeniable in ordinary consciousness, but not in extraordinary consciousness with no objectifying. The subtle question remains about the existence of an I that is distinct from the ego and that is best represented by most meditative or contemplative states. Here a subjectified, witnessing, consciousness-maintaining I still seems to exist. This may be called the "High-I," which appears to provide for all states of consciousness a constancy and awareness not provided by the ego. This finding has implications for psychology and religion as well as philosophy.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Martin Heidegger (1967). Being and Time. Oxford, Blackwell.
Martin Heidegger (1962). Being and Time. London, Scm Press.
Immanuel Kant (1998). Critique of Pure Reason (Translated and Edited by Paul Guyer & Allen W. Wood). Cambridge.
David Hume (1739/2000). A Treatise of Human Nature. Oxford University Press.
I. Kant (1984). Critique of Pure Reason. Philosophy 59 (230):555-557.
Citations of this work BETA
Jim Hanson (2008). Searching for the Power-I: Nietzsche and Nirvana. Asian Philosophy 18 (3):231 – 244.
Similar books and articles
Roland Breeur (2003). Consciousness and the Self. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 11 (4):415-436.
Charles E. Scott (1971). Self-Consciousness Without an Ego. Man and World 4 (May):193-201.
Bjorn H. Merker, The Common Denominator of Conscious States: Implications for the Biology of Consciousness.
Edward T. Bartlett (1988). Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, and Sensory Deprivation. Philosophy Research Archives 13:489-497.
Stephen Priest (2000). The Subject in Question: Sartre's Critique of Husserl in the Transcendence of the Ego. Routledge.
Victor Molchanov (2009). The Ego: The Problem and the Term as Treated by Russian Philosophy. Studies in East European Thought 61 (2/3):181 - 188.
Jie Shang (2007). Imagination of the Evil. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (3):412-422.
Roland Breeur (2001). Bergson's and Sartre's Account of the Self in Relation to the Transcendental Ego. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (2):177 – 198.
Kenneth Newman (2001). Is There Consciousness Outside the Ego? International Journal of Psychotherapy 6 (3):257-271.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #219,154 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #369,877 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?