David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (4):477-502 (2003)
The fundamental presupposition of political philosophy is that the legitimate rule of one individual over another requires justification: political power may come out of the barrel of a gun but political authority does not. Classically, the philosopher of politics looked to nature. In the seventeenth century, however, the philosophical tide turns in a decidedly different direction: contractarianism. Political society becomes a consensual construct created through the heuristic vehicle of a hypothetical social contract. Simultaneously, within the confines of contractarianism itself, a remarkable transformation occurs. The theory originates in the hands of Grotius, Hobbes and Pufendorf as a justificatory tool for political absolutism and, paradoxically, reaches its zenith in Locke with a firm commitment to constitutionalism. I explore this transformation in detail, culminating with what I term the “Lockean Synthesis.”
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jody S. Kraus (1993). The Limits of Hobbesian Contractarianism. Cambridge University Press.
Jean Hampton (2007). The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
John J. Thrasher (2013). Reconciling Justice and Pleasure in Epicurean Contractarianism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):423-436.
Stephen L. Darwall (ed.) (2003). Contractarianism, Contractualism. Wiley-Blackwell.
Jami L. Anderson (1997). Reciprocity as a Justification for Retributivism. Criminal Justice Ethics 16 (1):13-25.
Linda Radzik (2005). Justice in the Family: A Defence of Feminist Contractarianism. Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):45–54.
Robert Bass (2000). Pure Contractarianism: Promise, Problems, Prospects. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (2-3):319-332.
David Gauthier (1997). Political Contractarianism. Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (2):132–148.
Nicolas Maloberti (2012). New Approaches to Classical Liberalism. Rationality, Markets and Morals 3:22-50.
Peter Vallentyne (ed.) (1991). Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier's Morals by Agreement. Cambridge University Press.
Ross Harrison (2003). Hobbes, Locke, and Confusion's Masterpiece: An Examination of Seventeenth-Century Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach (2008). Book Reviews:The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. [REVIEW] Ethics 119 (1):180-184.
Deborah Baumgold (2005). Hobbes's and Locke's Contract Theories: Political Not Metaphysical. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (3):289-308.
Matt Matravers (2008). Review of Jean Hampton, The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (9).
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads8 ( #169,756 of 1,100,851 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #80,800 of 1,100,851 )
How can I increase my downloads?