From Demonization of the Masses to Democratic Practice in the Work of Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Foucault
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Human Studies 34 (4):373-392 (2011)
This paper argues that the dichotomy between individuals, as bearers of unique and freely chosen identities, and the masses, as the large numbers of others who are conforming and uncritical, should be understood as a constructed dichotomy. This dichotomy is both supported and dismantled in the works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger, and Michel Foucault. Each of these thinkers reinforced the idea that there exist conforming and threatening masses from which individuals should separate themselves. And yet by theorizing the limitations and contextual nature of individual identity, they have also provided the foundations for revealing the dichotomy as illusory as well as problematic for reasoned thought and politics. The significance of this argument is that the fear of sameness and conformity within modern mass society creates a serious obstacle to broad based and democratic political engagement among people
|Keywords||Nietzsche Heidegger Foucault Subjectivity Masses Postmodernism Individualism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Karl Ameriks (ed.) (2000). The Cambridge Companion to German Idealism. Cambridge University Press.
Charles R. Bambach (2003). Heidegger's Roots: Nietzsche, National Socialism and the Greeks. Cornell University Press.
Pierre Bourdieu (1991). The Political Ontology of Martin Heidegger. Stanford University Press.
Wendy Brown (1995). States of Injury: Power and Freedom in Late Modernity. Princeton University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Babette Babich (2009). ‘A Philosophical Shock’: Foucault’s Reading of Heidegger and Nietzsche. In Carlos G. Prado (ed.), Foucault's Legacy. Continuum.
Philipp Haueis (2012). Apollinian Scientia Sexualis and Dionysian Ars Erotica?: On the Relation Between Michel Foucault's History of Sexuality and Friedrich Nietzsche's Birth of Tragedy. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 43 (2):260-282.
Steve Garlick (2002). The Beauty of Friendship: Foucault, Masculinity and the Work of Art. Philosophy and Social Criticism 28 (5):558-577.
Timothy Rayner (2004). On Questioning Being: Foucault's Heideggerian Turn. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 12 (4):419 – 438.
Marli Huijer (1999). The Aesthetics of Existence in the Work of Michel Foucault. Philosophy and Social Criticism 25 (2):61-85.
Fred Evans (2001). Genealogy and the Problem of Affirmation in Nietzsche, Foucault and Bakhtin. Philosophy and Social Criticism 27 (3):41-65.
Charlie Tanksley (2010). The Mereological Constancy of Masses. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (239):343-354.
Hans Sluga (2006). Foucault's Encounter with Heidegger and Nietzsche. In Gary Gutting (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Foucault. Cambridge University Press.
Béatrice Han (2002). Foucault's Critical Project: Between the Transcendental and the Historical. Stanford University Press.
Timothy Clark (2002). Martin Heidegger. Routledge.
James Magrini (2009). Truth, Art, and the “New Sensuousness”: Understanding Heidegger's Metaphysical Reading of Nietzsche. Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 3 (1).
David Wittenberg (2001). Philosophy, Revision, Critique: Rereading Practices in Heidegger, Nietzsche, and Emerson. Stanford University Press.
Jon Simons (1995). Foucault & the Political. Routledge.
Added to index2011-11-17
Total downloads9 ( #163,591 of 1,100,077 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #304,128 of 1,100,077 )
How can I increase my downloads?