Kant on Recognizing Our Duties As God's Commands

Faith and Philosophy 17 (4):459-478 (2000)
Abstract
Kant both says that we should recognize our duties as God’s commands, and objects to the theological version of heteronomy, ‘which derives morality from a divine and supremely perfect will’. In this paper I discuss how these two views fit together, and in the process I develop a notion of autonomous submission to divine moral authority. I oppose the ‘constitutive’ view of autonomy proposed by J. B. Schneewind and Christine Korsgaard. I locate Kant’s objection to theological heteronomy against the background of Crusius’s divine command theory, and I compare Kant’s views about divine authority and human political authority.
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Tim Mawson (2009). Morality and Religion. Philosophy Compass 4 (6):1033-1043.
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